Western Collaborative Group Study (WCGS): 25-Year Follow-up of Cardiovascular Disease Morbidity and Mortality


Phase N/A Results N/A



  • Fox BH, Ragland DR, Brand RJ, Rosenman RH. Type A behavior and cancer mortality. Theoretical considerations and preliminary data. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 1987;496:620-7. Pubmed ID:3474993
  • Rosenman RH: An Update on the Type A Behavior Pattern and its Relationship to Coronary Artery Disease. Perspect Lipid Disorders, 5:4-9, 1987
  • Carmelli D, Rosenman RH, Swan GE. The Cook and Medley HO scale: a heritability analysis in adult male twins. Psychosom Med. 1988 Mar-Apr;50(2):165-74. Pubmed ID:3375406
  • Swan GE, Carmelli D, Rosenman RH. Psychological correlates of two measures of coronary-prone hostility. Psychosomatics. 1989 Summer;30(3):270-8. Pubmed ID:2762484
  • La Rue A, Swan GE, Carmelli D. Cognition and depression in a cohort of aging men: results from the Western Collaborative Group Study. Psychol Aging. 1995 Mar;10(1):30-3. Pubmed ID:7779314
  • Palmer CG, Wolkenstein BH, La Rue A, Swan GE, Smalley SL. Commingling analysis of memory performance in elderly men. Genet Epidemiol. 1994;11(5):443-9. Pubmed ID:7835690
  • Carmelli D, Halpern J, Swan GE, Dame A, McElroy M, Gelb AB, Rosenman RH. 27-year mortality in the Western Collaborative Group Study: construction of risk groups by recursive partitioning. J Clin Epidemiol. 1991;44(12):1341-51. Pubmed ID:1753265
  • Swan GE, Dame A, Carmelli D. Involuntary retirement, Type A behavior, and current functioning in elderly men: 27-year follow-up of the Western Collaborative Group Study. Psychol Aging. 1991 Sep;6(3):384-91. Pubmed ID:1930755
  • Carmelli D, McElroy MR, Rosenman RH. Longitudinal changes in fat distribution in the Western Collaborative Group Study: a 23-year follow-up. Int J Obes. 1991 Jan;15(1):67-74. Pubmed ID:2010260
  • Swan GE, Carmelli D, Dame A, Rosenman RH, Spielberger CD. The Rationality/Emotional Defensiveness Scale--II. Convergent and discriminant correlational analysis in males and females with and without cancer. J Psychosom Res. 1992 May;36(4):349-59. Pubmed ID:1593510

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