Vitamin D and Omega-3 Trial (VITAL) "VITAL"

Active, not recruiting

Phase 3 Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

To be eligible for the study, respondents had to, at study entry,:
1. be men aged 50 or older or women aged 55 or older;
2. have no history of cancer (except non-melanoma skin cancer), heart attack, stroke, transient ischemic attack, angina pectoris, CABG, or PCI;
3. have none of the following safety exclusions: history of renal failure or dialysis, hypercalcemia, hypo- or hyperparathyroidism, severe liver disease (cirrhosis), or sarcoidosis or other granulomatous diseases such as active chronic tuberculosis or Wegener's granulomatosis;
4. have no allergy to fish or soy;
5. have no other serious illness that would preclude participation;
6. be consuming no more than 800 IU of vitamin D from all supplemental sources combined (individual vitamin D supplements, calcium+vitamin D supplements, medications with vitamin D [e.g., Fosamax Plus D], and multivitamins), or, if taking, willing to decrease or forego such use during the trial;
7. be consuming no more than 1200 mg/d of calcium from all supplemental sources combined, or, if taking, willing to decrease or forego such use during the trial;
8. not be taking fish oil supplements, or, if taking, willing to forego their use during the trial