Virtual Environment Rehabilitation for Chronic Stroke "VEHAB"


Phase 2 Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

- Greater than 6 months following stroke
- Ability to walk 10 feet with or without assistance
- 18 years of age or older
- Clinical presentation of unilateral hemiplegia post-stroke
- Ability to follow simple two-step instructions

Exclusion Criteria

- Unable to ambulate 150 feet prior to stroke
- History of serious chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or oxygen dependence
- Severe weight bearing pain
- Lower-extremity amputation
- Non-healing ulcers on the lower extremity
- Renal dialysis or end stage liver disease
- Legal blindness or deafness or severe visual or hearing impairment
- A history of significant psychiatric illness defined by diagnosis of bipolar affective disorder, psychosis, or schizophrenia
- Life expectancy less than one year
- Severe arthritis or orthopaedic problems that limit passive ranges of motion of lower extremity: Knee flexion contracture of -10 degrees, Knee flexion ROM < 90 degrees, hip flexion contracture > 25 degrees, ankle plantar flexion contracture > 15 degrees
- History of deep venous thrombosis or pulmonary embolism within 6 months
- Uncontrollable diabetes: diabetic coma, frequent insulin reactions
- Severe hypertension with systolic > 200mmHg and diastolic > 110mmHg at rest
- Intracranial hemorrhage related to aneurysm rupture or an arteriovenous malformation (hemorrhagic infarctions will not be excluded)
- History of severe seizure disorder; other neurological conditions such as multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's Disease
- Pain that is scored greater than 5 out of 10 on a visual analog scale and limits daily activity
- Any health problems judged by their screening physician to put the client at significant risk of harm during the study