The purpose of this study is to determine if individuals who had a stroke more than one year before entering the study and who remain unable to open their affected hand are better able to sense and move their affected arm after 10-15 weeks of treatment with a new robotic therapy device (the AMES device) and EMG biofeedback.
Over the last 20 years, the discovery of cortical plasticity in the adult human brain has led to the development of new therapies to rehabilitate stroke survivors whose recovery of motor function has stalled with conventional therapeutic methodology. However, the efficacy of these new therapies appears to be limited to relatively high-functioning chronic stroke patients. A therapeutic approach that may be efficacious in restoring functional movement to low-functioning chronic stroke patients is "AMES," which stands for Assisted Movement with Enhanced Sensation. Despite the efficacy of AMES in restoring movement to low-functioning hemiparetic stroke patients, those with plegia at a joint tend not to recover movement in the plegic direction with AMES treatment or with other rehabilitation therapies. The objective of this study is to determine if AMES treatment in combination with biofeedback can be helpful in restoring functional movement to plegic stroke patients.
- AMES Therapy (assisted movement and enhanced sensation) Device
Other Names: Robotic Intervention Desc: Each subject will receive 30 sessions of AMES therapy in the clinic. Each session will consist of 10 min of functional testing (i.e., passive motion and strength tests) followed by 30 min of grasp therapy using the AMES device. One group of subjects will receive AMES therapy only with joint torque biofeedback (without EMG feedback), and the other group will receive AMES therapy with EMG biofeedback. While all test subjects should attempt to open the hand when the grasp mechanism is opening and close the hand when the mechanism is closing, the biofeedback information provided to aid a subject will differ for the 2 subject groups. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: AMES therapy with EMG biofeedback Description: The AMES device provides a 30 minute treatment period of alternating passive flexion and then extension of the hand while vibrators vibrate the muscles of the hand. The subjects job is to attempt to assist the device in the movement. A computer screen will provide visual feedback of the amount of EMG activity the subject is able to generate in the hand. This study will examine whether AMES therapy combined with EMG biofeedback can restore hand opening to plegic stroke subjects. ARM 2: Kind: Experimental Label: AMES therapy with Torque biofeedback Description: The AMES device provides a 30 minute treatment period of alternating passive flexion and then extension of the hand while vibrators vibrate the muscles of the hand. The subjects job is to attempt to assist the device in the movement. A computer screen will provide visual feedback of the amount of torque (force) the subject is able to generate in the hand during the movement. This study will examine whether AMES therapy combined with Torque biofeedback can restore hand opening to plegic stroke subjects.
- Allocation: Randomized
- Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
- Purpose: Treatment
- Endpoint: Safety/Efficacy Study
- Intervention: Parallel Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Box and Blocks Test||Before starting treatments, After completing all treatments||No|
|Secondary||Fugl-Meyer Motor Assessment Upper Extremity||Before starting treatments, After completing all treatments||No|
|Secondary||Stroke Impact Scale||Before starting treatments, After completing all treatments||No|
|Secondary||Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MOCA)||Prior to the start of treatment||No|
|Secondary||Passive Motion Test||Prior to each treatment session||No|
|Secondary||Strength/Co-contraction Test||Prior to each treatment session||No|
|Secondary||Finger Range of Motion, After completing all treatments.||Prior to start of treatment||No|
|Secondary||Finger Range of Motion||Prior to start of treatment, After completing all treatments.||No|