To determine whether treadmill aerobic training (T-AEX) is more effective than conventional rehabilitation to improve ambulatory function and cardiovascular fitness in patients with chronic stroke.
- Physical therapy Behavioral
Randomized, controlled, single-blinded clinical trial.
Patients were randomized to 6 months (3x/week) progressive treadmill aerobic training (T-AEX) or a reference rehabilitation program of stretching plus low-intensity walking (R-CONTROL). Peak exercise capacity (VO2 peak), O2 consumption during submaximal effort walking (economy of gait), timed walks, Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ), and Rivermead Mobility Index (RMI) were measured before and after 3 and 6 months of training.
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Exercise testing was performed to measure economy of gait and VO2 peak at baseline and after 3 and 6 months training. Economy of gait was calculated to estimate metabolic demands of hemiparetic ambulation.|
|Secondary||Measures of VO2 peak were used to index cardiovascular fitness.|