Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation and Robotic Therapy in Upper Limb Motor Recovery After Stroke


Phase N/A Results N/A



  • Mehrholz J, Platz T, Kugler J, Pohl M. Electromechanical and robot-assisted arm training for improving arm function and activities of daily living after stroke. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2008 Oct 8;(4):CD006876. doi: 10.1002/14651858.CD006876.pub2. Review. Update in: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;6:CD006876. Pubmed ID:18843735
  • Flöel A, Rösser N, Michka O, Knecht S, Breitenstein C. Noninvasive brain stimulation improves language learning. J Cogn Neurosci. 2008 Aug;20(8):1415-22. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2008.20098. Pubmed ID:18303984
  • Kang EK, Baek MJ, Kim S, Paik NJ. Non-invasive cortical stimulation improves post-stroke attention decline. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2009;27(6):645-50. doi: 10.3233/RNN-2009-0514. Pubmed ID:20042788
  • Marangolo P, Marinelli CV, Bonifazi S, Fiori V, Ceravolo MG, Provinciali L, Tomaiuolo F. Electrical stimulation over the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG) determines long-term effects in the recovery of speech apraxia in three chronic aphasics. Behav Brain Res. 2011 Dec 1;225(2):498-504. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2011.08.008. Epub 2011 Aug 12. Pubmed ID:21856336
  • Fiori V, Coccia M, Marinelli CV, Vecchi V, Bonifazi S, Ceravolo MG, Provinciali L, Tomaiuolo F, Marangolo P. Transcranial direct current stimulation improves word retrieval in healthy and nonfluent aphasic subjects. J Cogn Neurosci. 2011 Sep;23(9):2309-23. doi: 10.1162/jocn.2010.21579. Epub 2010 Oct 14. Pubmed ID:20946060
  • Hesse S, Waldner A, Mehrholz J, Tomelleri C, Pohl M, Werner C. Combined transcranial direct current stimulation and robot-assisted arm training in subacute stroke patients: an exploratory, randomized multicenter trial. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2011 Nov-Dec;25(9):838-46. doi: 10.1177/1545968311413906. Epub 2011 Aug 8. Pubmed ID:21825004

Sources for Trial Information