The Impact of Botox® During Robotic Rehabilitation of the Wrist Following Stroke


Phase 1/2 Results N/A



  • Caty GD, Detrembleur C, Bleyenheuft C, Deltombe T, Lejeune TM. Effect of upper limb botulinum toxin injections on impairment, activity, participation, and quality of life among stroke patients. Stroke. 2009 Jul;40(7):2589-91. Epub 2009 Apr 30. Pubmed ID:19407231
  • Fasoli SE, Fragala-Pinkham M, Hughes R, Krebs HI, Hogan N, Stein J. Robotic therapy and botulinum toxin type A: a novel intervention approach for cerebral palsy. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Dec;87(12):1022-5. Pubmed ID:18617860
  • Frascarelli F, Masia L, Di Rosa G, Petrarca M, Cappa P, Castelli E. Robot-mediated and clinical scales evaluation after upper limb botulinum toxin type A injection in children with hemiplegia. J Rehabil Med. 2009 Nov;41(12):988-94. Pubmed ID:19841830
  • Levy CE, Giuffrida C, Richards L, Wu S, Davis S, Nadeau SE. Botulinum toxin a, evidence-based exercise therapy, and constraint-induced movement therapy for upper-limb hemiparesis attributable to stroke: a preliminary study. Am J Phys Med Rehabil. 2007 Sep;86(9):696-706. Pubmed ID:17709993

Related Links

Sources for Trial Information