The Effectiveness of Early Botulinum Toxin A Injection for Lower Limbs Spasticity in Subacute Stroke Adults


Phase 4 Results N/A



  • Lundström E, Terént A, Borg J. Prevalence of disabling spasticity 1 year after first-ever stroke. Eur J Neurol. 2008 Jun;15(6):533-9. doi: 10.1111/j.1468-1331.2008.02114.x. Epub 2008 Mar 18. Pubmed ID:18355307
  • Sommerfeld DK, Eek EU, Svensson AK, Holmqvist LW, von Arbin MH. Spasticity after stroke: its occurrence and association with motor impairments and activity limitations. Stroke. 2004 Jan;35(1):134-9. Epub 2003 Dec 18. Pubmed ID:14684785
  • McIntyre A, Lee T, Janzen S, Mays R, Mehta S, Teasell R. Systematic review of the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions in the treatment of spasticity of the hemiparetic lower extremity more than six months post stroke. Top Stroke Rehabil. 2012 Nov-Dec;19(6):479-90. doi: 10.1310/tsr1906-479. Review. Pubmed ID:23192713
  • Kaji R, Osako Y, Suyama K, Maeda T, Uechi Y, Iwasaki M; GSK1358820 Spasticity Study Group. Botulinum toxin type A in post-stroke lower limb spasticity: a multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. J Neurol. 2010 Aug;257(8):1330-7. doi: 10.1007/s00415-010-5526-3. Epub 2010 Apr 1. Erratum in: J Neurol. 2010 Aug;257(8):1416. Pubmed ID:20358216
  • Cosgrove AP, Graham HK. Botulinum toxin A prevents the development of contractures in the hereditary spastic mouse. Dev Med Child Neurol. 1994 May;36(5):379-85. Pubmed ID:8168656
  • Santamato A, Micello MF, Panza F, Fortunato F, Pilotto A, Giustini A, Testa A, Fiore P, Ranieri M, Spidalieri R. Safety and efficacy of incobotulinum toxin type A (NT 201-Xeomin) for the treatment of post-stroke lower limb spasticity: a prospective open-label study. Eur J Phys Rehabil Med. 2013 Aug;49(4):483-9. Epub 2013 Mar 13. Pubmed ID:23480980

Sources for Trial Information