The Effect of Early Mobilization in Mild to Moderate Hemorrhagic Stroke

Enrolling by invitation

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

This study aims to examine the outcomes of early mobilization and early intervention within 3 days after the onset of hemorrhagic stroke in patients admitted to an intensive care unit within 48 hours after stroke. The patients after hemorrhagic stroke who undergo early intervention only will be compared with those who also receive early mobilization in order to determine if the early mobilization intervention results in earlier or more effective recovery of postural stability, activities of daily living function, or motor capacity.
The participants will be randomly assigned to the following two groups: (1) the early mobilization (+early rehabilitation) group and (2) the early rehabilitation group.The measurement parameters will be collected before the intervention (basic parameters), two weeks after the stroke, four weeks after the stroke and three months after the stroke. SPSS (version 17.0) will be used to carry out repeated measures analysis of variance (repeated ANOVA) to compare the differences between the groups at different time points (including basic values and follow-up values). For statistical significance, Bonferroni correction will be applied for the post-hoc analysis of the groups.

Detailed Description

Early intervention has been proven to enhance post-stroke functional recovery. Recent studies have proposed that early mobilization (out-of-bed activities) also contributes to an individual's functional improvement after stroke. However, studies on early intervention after stroke have mainly investigated patients with ischemic stroke, while tending to exclude patients with hemorrhagic stroke who were admitted to intensive care units. The main reason for this is the difference between hemorrhagic and ischemic strokes in terms of their mechanisms and treatment methods. Hemorrhagic stroke is characterized by higher severity and fatality rates, and there is a general lack of research on early rehabilitation and mobilization after hemorrhagic strokes. To our knowledge, there have been no previous studies that have simultaneously compared the impact of early mobilization and early rehabilitation starting at the same time on the motor recovery of patients after intracranial hemorrhage. Thus, this study aims to examine the outcomes of early mobilization and intervention within 3 days after the onset of hemorrhagic stroke in patients admitted to an intensive care unit within 48 hours after stroke. The patients will be compared to identify differences in the recovery of postural stability and functional abilities two weeks, four weeks and three months after stroke.
The participants will be randomly assigned to the following two groups: (1) the early mobilization (+early rehabilitation) group and (2) the early rehabilitation group. The early mobilization group will receive early mobilization intervention within three days after stroke while being monitored by medical equipment. In early mobilization group, this intervention program will also include early out-of-bed activities (that is, rolling and sitting at the edge of the bed). The early rehabilitation group will undergo only conventional early in-bed activities within three days after stroke.
All the outcome measures will be collected at baseline (pre-intervention), 2 weeks after stroke, 4 weeks after stroke and three months after stroke.The results will be analyzed with SPSS (IBM SPSS Statistics 17, Chicago, IL, USA). Repeated measures analysis of variance (repeated ANOVA) and the Chi-square test for categorical variables will be used for comparing the outcome data. If there are significant interactions, a post hoc test with Bonferroni correction will be used to examine group differences within a time condition. A p value < 0.05 will be considered statistically significant.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Early mobilization Behavioral
    Intervention Desc: early out-of-bed activities including supine to sit training, sit on the edge of bed without supporting, standing with hand supporting, stepping while standing etc.within three days after stroke while being monitored by medical equipment.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: early mobilization
    Description: early mobilization group will commence rehabilitation consisting of out-of-bed mobilization (including supine to sit training, sit on the edge of bed without supporting, standing with hand supporting, stepping while standing etc.)
  • Early standard intervention Behavioral
    Intervention Desc: Conventional early in-bed activities within three days after stroke
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: early standard intervention
    Description: early standard intervention included bed exercises including the joint range of motion exercise, bridge exercise, the straight leg raising exercise, stretching exercises, and the facilitation techniques in recent 5 days after stroke.

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary the score-change of The Postural Assessment Scale for Stroke Patients (PASS) assessment for postural stability baseline, 2-week, 4-week and three months after stroke
Primary the score-change of the Functional Independence Measure (FIM) assessment for daily living function baseline, 2-week, 4-week and three months after stroke
Secondary the number of days required to reach a sitting>2minutes milestone baseline to within 3 months after stroke
Secondary the number of days required to reach a standing>1minute milestone baseline to within 3 months after stroke
Secondary the number of days required to reach a walking>50 meters milestone baseline to within 3 months after stroke
Secondary the number of serious adverse events baseline to within 3 months after stroke
Secondary the number of days required to reach a sitting>5 minutes milestone baseline to within 3 months after stroke
Secondary the number of days required to reach a standing>1 minute milestone baseline to within 3 months after stroke

Sponsors