The Effect of Backward Walking Treadmill Training on Balance in Patient With Chronic Stroke

Completed

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

The purpose of this research was to discuss the effect of backward walking treadmill training on balance ability, speed of walking and cardiopulmonary fitness in patients with chronic stroke.

Detailed Description

Walking training is a good method and strategy to improve postural stability, balance, gait symmetry, and increase walking ability. Generally, there are many walking training theories and methods for patients with chronic stroke and treadmill walking training is applied in recent years. Previous studies showed that patients with stroke improve the walking abilities and speed after the walking treadmill training. However, most studies have demonstrated that forward walking treadmill training improved balance and walking ability in patients with stroke, but fewer studies have investigated the effects on backward walking treadmill training. However, no studies to date have investigated the effects of backward walking treadmill training for patients with chronic stroke.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Conventional Physical Therapy Device
    Intervention Desc: subjects accepted 30 minutes traditional physical therapy three times a week for four weeks
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: backward walking treadmill training
    Description: The intervention group not only received four weeks of conventional physical therapy but also accepted additional four weeks of backward walking treadmill training at the same time
    ARM 2: Kind: Experimental
    Label: conventional physical therapy
    Description: The conventional physical therapy training focused on strengthening, postural control, functional mobility and forward gait training program but excluded backward walking training
  • Backward walking treadmill training Other
    Intervention Desc: subjects accepted 30 minutes backward walking treadmill training. a week for four weeks.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: backward walking treadmill training
    Description: The intervention group not only received four weeks of conventional physical therapy but also accepted additional four weeks of backward walking treadmill training at the same time

Trial Design

  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Masking: Open Label
  • Endpoint: Safety/Efficacy Study
  • Intervention: Parallel Assignment

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary The change of Berg Balance Scale (BBS) Baseline, week 4. Yes
Secondary The change of pulmonary function test (PFT): forced vital capacity (FVC) and Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) Baseline, week 4. Yes

Sponsors