The Effect of Additional Arm Therapy on Arm Function After Stroke

Completed

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

This study would focus on a new method of adding extra arm exercise to the usual therapy delivered in the hospital. We propose to design an exercise program for the affected arm and hand that would be given to the client as homework and done in the client's hospital room. The program would be designed and monitored by a therapist that works in the hospital.
We believe that this program will: 1) increase arm and hand recovery over usual care received in the hospital, 2) help people make the move from therapist run exercise to self management of exercise, and 3) promote family involvement in therapy.

Detailed Description

In total 250 participants admitted for stroke rehabilitation at 4 BC sites will be randomly assigned to either the experimental or the control group. The extra arm and hand exercise program (experimental group) will receive usual therapy plus 60 minutes per day of additional arm exercises. This program will last for 4 weeks while the participant is in the hospital. The arm and hand program will include muscle strengthening and stretching, repetitive reaching, folding, stacking, pushing and pulling tasks, picking up objects, and activities that use speed and accuracy. The family will be encouraged to participate in the program with the participant. The control group will receive usual therapy only.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Education manual Behavioral
    Intervention Desc: The control arm was given education on stroke, the affected arm post strooke, bone health, and healthy living. This information was given in a booklet format and administered once weekly by the site coordinator.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: 1
  • An inpatient homework based exercise program for the upper limb post stroke Behavioral
    Intervention Desc: The experimental arm was given arm exercises graded based on motor impairment and administered by the site coordinator. The exercises were given in a booklet with written and photographic instructions. These exercises were monitored on a twice-weekly basis. The intervention was to be completed once daily for 45 minutes, 5 days per week, and supervised by the site coordinator. Exercises consisted of range of motion, strengthening, and use of the arm in daily activites such as buttoning, pouring and throwing.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: 2

Trial Design

  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
  • Endpoint: Efficacy Study
  • Intervention: Parallel Assignment

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary The primary outcome is the ability to use the paretic arm in activities of daily living. This outcome will be measured pre and post program. Unspecified No
Secondary Secondary outcomes include amount of use and quality of movement of the paretic arm, motor recovery, strength, tone, and health related quality of life. Each of these measures will be evaluated pre and post program. Unspecified No
Primary The primary outcome is the ability to use the paretic arm in activities of daily living. This outcome will be measured pre and post program. Unspecified

Sponsors