Techniques to improve function of the arm and hand in chronic hemiplegia


Phase N/A Results

Trial Description

To evaluate functional improvement in the upper limb of chronic (more than six months' duration) stroke patients receiving one of two electrical stimulation treatments, conventional treatment, or no treatment.


  • Electrical stimulation Device
    Intervention Desc: This category includes any form of electrical stimulation intended to improve motor function or pain after stroke.

Trial Design

Randomized, controlled trial of 22 patients.

Patient Involvement

Patients were randomly assigned to one of four treatment groups: (1) EMG-initiated electrical stimulation of wrist extensors (EMG-stim), (2) low-intensity electrical stimulation of wrist extensors combined with voluntary contractions (B/B), (3) proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) exercises, or (4) no treatment. Patients were treated for three months and were evaluated 3 and 9 months after treatment.


Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Fugl-Meyer (FM) post-stroke motor recovery test and grip strength. Assessments were made before treatment, upon completion of treatment and 3 and 9 months after treatment.