Stroke Volume Variation and Pulse Pressure Variation as Predictors of Fluid Responsiveness During Kidney Transplantation


Phase N/A Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

- chronic renal failure patients undergoing renal transplantation

Exclusion Criteria

- patients with cardiac arrhythmia
- patients with reduced left ventricular function (EF < 40%)
- patients with valvular heart disease
- patients intracardiac shunt
- patients with pulmonary hypertension
- patients with extensive peripheral vascular disease
- patients with preoperative use of vasopressors or inotropics