The experience of a stroke event may result in a disruption to the survivor's daily life. Patients with stroke have reported fears of permanent disability and major concerns over their ability to recover and be productive and engaged with family, friends and coworkers. To enhance recovery from stroke, the investigators designed a stroke self-management program and have pilot tested the program among Veterans recovering from stroke/TIA. The study is a three-site, randomized controlled trial designed to test the efficacy of a stroke self-management program. The intervention program includes 6 bi-weekly sessions over months 1-3 followed by monthly telephone calls as the investigators administered in the investigators' pilot study during months 4-6 for a total length of program duration of 6 months. The investigators have added 3 monthly group support sessions during months 4-6 for additional peer support. Thus, participants will receive bi-monthly support during months 4-6. The three intervention sites include the Jesse Brown VAMC in Chicago, the Roudebush VAMC in Indianapolis, and the IU Health Methodist Hospital in Indianapolis, Indiana. The three hospitals represent facilities with a small, moderate, and large volume of acute stroke care, respectively. Additionally, Methodist Hospital includes a greater proportion of women which enables us to study the patterns and preferences of women with stroke/TIA and tailor the investigators' future programs to prepare for the increasing female Veteran population.
Stroke Self-Management: Effect on Function and Stroke Quality of Life Anticipated Impacts on Participant's Healthcare: This planned evaluation of the investigators' stroke self-management program may improve the patient's healthcare by establishing an evidence-based program for which VA case managers may implement to improve patient self-management and the health-related quality of life of stroke survivors. This program produced standardized manuals for case managers and stroke survivors that may be used in the field, in the patient medical care home and via telehealth.
Project Background: Stroke is prevalent and associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Stroke is the leading cause of long-term disability in the US. Within the VA, approximately 60,000 patients had a primary outpatient encounter for stroke during fiscal year 2010 (FY10). Data from the Office of Quality and Performance (OQP) Stroke Special Study demonstrate that more than 5,000 Veterans were admitted to a VA facility for acute ischemic stroke in FY07 and another 5000 Veterans with a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or mini-stroke, were admitted in a VA facility or received care at an urgent clinic or emergency department in VA. The total VA cost of stroke treatment was almost $315 million in FY05, with a cost per patient of over $18,000. Stroke/TIA survivors are at elevated risk for future vascular events and yet, there are no systematic post stroke programs offered widely in VA designed to reduce this risk and increase stroke specific quality of life in Veterans. The investigators recently developed and pilot tested a stroke self-management program that adapted the Stanford Chronic Disease program for stroke.
Project Objectives: The objectives of this project were to: 1. Conduct a randomized trial comparing stroke survivors randomly assigned to receive a stroke self-management program on patient functioning, stroke self-management, and stroke specific quality of life compared to stroke survivors assigned to usual care; and 2. Conduct a summative evaluation among VA clinical providers, patients with stroke and their caregivers to understand the barriers and facilitators of implementing the stroke self-management program.
Project Methods: To accomplish these aims, the investigators employed mixed methods. For the first aim, the investigators conducted a randomized controlled trial comparing subjects randomly assigned to the stroke self-management intervention to subjects randomly assigned to usual care. Subjects from both groups were assessed at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months. We delivered the stroke self-management program over 6 months (12 weeks biweekly sessions followed by 12 weeks of bimonthly telephone and group support sessions). Usual care participants received written stroke risk factor materials. The primary outcomes were stroke specific quality of life and the secondary outcomes were stroke self-management, self-efficacy, functioning, and post stroke depression. We are evaluating clinical risk factor management after stroke.
- Stroke Self-Management Behavioral
Intervention Desc: Stroke self-management program- Participants randomized to this program will receive 6 bi-weekly telephone sessions during the first 3 months followed by 3 monthly reinforcement telephone sessions coupled with 3 monthly group sessions during months 4-6. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: 1 Description: Stroke self-management program- Participants randomized to this program will receive 6 bi-weekly telephone sessions during the first 3 months followed by 3 monthly reinforcement telephone sessions coupled with 3 monthly group sessions during months 4-6. ARM 2: Kind: Experimental Label: Arm 1 Description: Stroke self-management program- Participants randomized to this program will receive 6 bi-weekly telephone sessions during the first 3 months followed by 3 monthly reinforcement telephone sessions coupled with 3 monthly group sessions during months 4-6.
- Allocation: Randomized
- Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
- Purpose: Health Services Research
- Endpoint: Efficacy Study
- Intervention: Parallel Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Change in Stroke, Specific Quality of Life||Baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months||No|