Stroke Prevention in Sickle Cell Anemia (STOP 1)


Phase 3 Results



  • Adams RJ, McKie VC, Brambilla D, Carl E, Gallagher D, Nichols FT, Roach S, Abboud M, Berman B, Driscoll C, Files B, Hsu L, Hurlet A, Miller S, Olivieri N, Pegelow C, Scher C, Vichinsky E, Wang W, Woods G, Kutlar A, Wright E, Hagner S, Tighe F, Waclawiw MA, et al. Stroke prevention trial in sickle cell anemia. Control Clin Trials. 1998 Feb;19(1):110-29. Pubmed ID:9492971
  • Adams RJ, McKie VC, Hsu L, Files B, Vichinsky E, Pegelow C, Abboud M, Gallagher D, Kutlar A, Nichols FT, Bonds DR, Brambilla D. Prevention of a first stroke by transfusions in children with sickle cell anemia and abnormal results on transcranial Doppler ultrasonography. N Engl J Med. 1998 Jul 2;339(1):5-11. Pubmed ID:9647873
  • Cohen AR. Sickle cell disease--new treatments, new questions. N Engl J Med. 1998 Jul 2;339(1):42-4. No abstract available. Pubmed ID:9647880
  • Adams RJ. Lessons from the Stroke Prevention Trial in Sickle Cell Anemia (STOP) study. J Child Neurol. 2000 May;15(5):344-9. Review. Pubmed ID:10830201
  • Miller ST, Wright E, Abboud M, Berman B, Files B, Scher CD, Styles L, Adams RJ. Impact of chronic transfusion on incidence of pain and acute chest syndrome during the Stroke Prevention Trial (STOP) in sickle-cell anemia. J Pediatr. 2001 Dec;139(6):785-9. Pubmed ID:11743502
  • Files B, Brambilla D, Kutlar A, Miller S, Vichinsky E, Wang W, Granger S, Adams RJ. Longitudinal changes in ferritin during chronic transfusion: a report from the Stroke Prevention Trial in Sickle Cell Anemia (STOP). J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2002 May;24(4):284-90. Pubmed ID:11972097
  • Nichols FT, Jones AM, Adams RJ. Stroke prevention in sickle cell disease (STOP) study guidelines for transcranial Doppler testing. J Neuroimaging. 2001 Oct;11(4):354-62. Pubmed ID:11677874
  • Vichinsky EP, Luban NL, Wright E, Olivieri N, Driscoll C, Pegelow CH, Adams RJ. Prospective RBC phenotype matching in a stroke-prevention trial in sickle cell anemia: a multicenter transfusion trial. Transfusion. 2001 Sep;41(9):1086-92. Pubmed ID:11552063
  • Pegelow CH, Wang W, Granger S, Hsu LL, Vichinsky E, Moser FG, Bello J, Zimmerman RA, Adams RJ, Brambilla D; STOP Trial. Silent infarcts in children with sickle cell anemia and abnormal cerebral artery velocity. Arch Neurol. 2001 Dec;58(12):2017-21. Pubmed ID:11735775
  • Adams RJ, Brambilla DJ, Granger S, Gallagher D, Vichinsky E, Abboud M, Pegelow CH, Woods G, Rohde E, Nichols FT, Jones A, Luden JP, Bowman L, Hagner SS, Morales KH, Roach ES. Stroke and Conversion to High Risk in Children Screened with Transcranial Doppler Ultrasound during the STOP Study. Blood. 2004 Jan 29 [Epub ahead of print] Pubmed ID:14751925
  • Hsu LL, Miller ST, Wright E, Kutlar A, McKie V, Wang W, Pegelow CH, Driscoll C, Hurlet A, Woods G, Elsas L, Embury S, Adams RJ; Stroke Prevention Trial (STOP) and the Cooperative Study of Sickle Cell Disease (CSSCD). Alpha Thalassemia is associated with decreased risk of abnormal transcranial Doppler ultrasonography in children with sickle cell anemia. J Pediatr Hematol Oncol. 2003 Aug;25(8):622-8. Pubmed ID:12902915
  • Abboud MR, Cure J, Granger S, Gallagher D, Hsu L, Wang W, Woods G, Berman B, Brambilla D, Pegelow C, Lewin J, Zimmermann RA, Adams RJ; STOP study. Magnetic resonance angiography in children with sickle cell disease and abnormal transcranial Doppler ultrasonography findings enrolled in the STOP study. Blood. 2004 Apr 1;103(7):2822-6. Epub 2003 Dec 18. Pubmed ID:14684415
  • Wang WC, Morales KH, Scher CD, Styles L, Olivieri N, Adams R, Brambilla D; STOP Investigators. Effect of long-term transfusion on growth in children with sickle cell anemia: results of the STOP trial. J Pediatr. 2005 Aug;147(2):244-7. Pubmed ID:16126058

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