The aim of this project is to evaluate whether using an implementation intervention promotes use of best practices by rehabilitation professionals and leads to improvements in patient outcomes for individuals with stroke.
Stroke is a leading cause of disability in Canada and frequently causes hemiparesis (upper limb and lower limb weakness on one side of the body). Approximately one third of stroke survivors require physical rehabilitation to improve their motor and functional recovery (1). Although many strategies have been shown to be effective in promoting recovery after stroke, the uptake of evidence-based practice by rehabilitation professionals across Canada is variable. The aim of this project is to evaluate whether using an implementation intervention promotes use of best practices by rehabilitation professionals and leads to improvements in patient outcomes for individuals with stroke.
This project is a cluster randomized implementation trial for upper and lower limb interventions. Rehabilitation centres across Canada will be randomized to receive either an outcome-oriented implementation strategy (OOI) to facilitate implementation of the EIPRs or a process-oriented implementation strategy (POI). At the onset, rehabilitation professionals practicing in all centres will receive education in using best practice outcome measures related to stroke rehabilitation. All centres will be assessed for baseline adherence to the EIPRs. Centres in the OOI will receive "usual care" (i.e. passive dissemination of the written protocols and information about outcome measures). Centres in the POI arm will receive a combination of strategies to facilitate EIPR uptake (i.e., use of a local facilitator, practice audits with feedback, reminder systems and educational sessions). Following exposure to the EIPRs, all centres will document adherence to the EIPRs, and patient outcomes as assessed by the measures. An analysis of the costs associated with rehabilitation interventions and the incremental expense of a POI strategy will be undertaken. These data will be used to compare the OOI and POI centres with respect to the level of uptake and implementation of EIPRs and related expenses.
- Knowledge translation intervention package Behavioral
- Allocation: Randomized
- Masking: Single Blind
- Endpoint: Efficacy Study
- Intervention: Parallel Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Arm function as measured by the Box and Block test|
|Primary||Walking speed as measured by the 6 minutes walk test|
|Secondary||Arm function as measured by the Chedoke Arm and Hand Activity Inventory (CAHAI- 9)|
|Secondary||Impairment as measured by the Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment Scale (CMSA)|
|Secondary||Independence of daily living as measured by the 3. Functional Independence Measure (FIM)|
|Secondary||Economic outcomes measured by the Quality Adjusted Life Years (QALY)|