Sensitivity to Acute Cerebral Ischemia in Migrainers "SAMCO-MIG"

Not yet recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

Sensitivity to Acute Middle cerebral or intracranial Carotid artery Occlusion in MIGrainers (SMCO-MIG) is a prospective multi-center study to determine if migraine induces a faster infarct growth as assessed by initial multimodal imaging.

Detailed Description

Ischemic stroke results from the occlusion of a brain artery by a clot. Early revascularization by thrombolysis and thrombectomy promotes neurological recovery by saving the area of ischemic penumbra. Progression of ischemic stroke is evaluated on multimodal imaging by the "mismatch ratio" between necrotized core and salvageable hypoperfused volumes.
Migraine affects 12% of the population. Although considered as a benign condition, migraine, particularly with aura, is a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Based on pathophysiological hypothesis and the result of one study, which had several limitations, it's suggest that migraine might increase the sensitivity to cerebral ischemia and induce a faster infarct growth.
The main objective of the study is to determine if the mismatch ratio between irreversibly injured and hypoperfused volumes, measured on initial imaging (MRI or CT) during acute ischemia due to occlusion of the middle cerebral artery or the intracranial internal carotid artery, varies according to the migraine status.
A multicentric prospective cohort will be conduct, outcome study. The initial multimodal imaging (MRI or CT) will be acquired routinely using a harmonized protocol in any patient suspected of an acute stroke. All consecutive patients eligible to the study will be included within 7 days of their initial admission, and evaluated with a short questionnaire classifying them as "migrainers" whose status will undergo a detailed validation at 3 months by a migraine expert, and "non-migrainers" whose status will be validated by repeating the short questionnaire at the follow-up visit at 3 months. All radiological data will be analyzed centrally after the end of the recruitment, by investigators blinded to the migraine status.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Questionnaire ef-ID Migraine Other
    Intervention Desc: All consecutive patients eligible to the study will be included within 7 days of their initial admission, and evaluated with a short questionnaire classifying them as "migrainers" whose status will undergo a detailed validation at 3 months by a migraine expert, and "non-migrainers" whose status will be validated by repeating the short questionnaire at the follow-up visit at 3 months. Initial multimodal imaging, done routinely in any stroke patient, will acquire the raw data necessary to calculate the mismatch ratio (MRI DWI/PWI or CT rCBF/CTP). All radiological data will be analyzed centrally after the end of the recruitment, by investigators blinded to the migraine status.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Migrainers
    Description: Patients experiencing an acute brain infarction complicating the occlusion of the internal carotid artery or the first or second segment of the middle cerebral artery. Migraine status determined by the validated French short questionnaire ef-ID Migraine (Classification into migraine without or with aura)
    ARM 2: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Non migrainers
    Description: Patients experiencing an acute brain infarction complicating the occlusion of the internal carotid artery or the first or second segment of the middle cerebral artery. Migraine status determined by the validated French short questionnaire ef-ID Migraine A short questionnaire validating the absence of migraine

Trial Population

Patients experiencing an anterior circulation brain infarction complicating the occlusion of the internal carotid artery or the first or second segment of the middle cerebral artery and admitted within 12 hours of onset

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Mismatch ratio (MRI DWI/PWI or CT rCBF/CTP) 24 hours
Secondary Proportion of patients with no-mismatch pattern on initial imaging 24 hours
Secondary Proportion of patients treated by recanalisation 24 hours
Secondary Volume of brain infarction 24 hours
Secondary TICI score 24 hours
Secondary Modified Rankin Score 3 months
Secondary Modified Rankin Score in patients treated by thrombolysis and/or thrombectomy 3 months

Sponsors