Cerebral infarction recurred in 72 patients (6.09%/y) in the sarpogrelate group and in 58 (4.86%/y) in the aspirin group (hazard ratio=1.25; 95% CI, 0.89 to 1.77; P=0.19). A serious vascular event occurred in 90 (7.61%/y) and in 85 (7.12%/y) patients, respectively (hazard ratio=1.07; 95% CI, 0.80 to 1.44; P=0.65). The overall incidences of bleeding events were 89 (11.9%) and 131 (17.3%), respectively (P<0.01). Sarpogrelate was not noninferior to aspirin for prevention of recurrence of cerebral infarction. Bleeding events were significantly fewer with sarpogrelate than aspirin. The effect of aspirin in Japanese patients was similar to that in Western studies.