Safety and Effectiveness of Two Blood Transfusion Strategies in Surgical Patients With Cardiovascular Disease "FOCUS"


Phase 3 Results

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

- Has undergone surgical repair for a hip fracture
- Has a postoperative Hgb level below 10 g/dL within three days of surgery
- Diagnosis of cardiovascular disease (e.g., coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, stroke or transient ischemic attack, or peripheral vascular disease) or cardiovascular risk factors (e.g., diabetes mellitus, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, tobacco use, or creatinine levels greater than 2.0 mg/dL)

Exclusion Criteria

- Unable to walk prior to hip fracture
- Declines blood transfusions
- Suffered multiple traumas
- Pathologic fracture of the hip due to malignancy
- Clinically recognized acute myocardial infarction within the 30 days prior to study entry
- Previously participated in the trial and fractured the other hip
- Symptoms associated with anemia (e.g., ischemic chest pain) or actively bleeding at the time of randomization