Robot-assisted Rehabilitation of the Upper Limb in Acute and Subacute Post-stroke Patients


Phase N/A Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

1. recent unilateral single stroke (ischemic or hemorrhagic) verified by brain CT or MRI;
2. sufficient cognitive and language skills to understand the instructions of the operator (assessed by Modified Mini-Mental State Examination > 21);
3. patients with upper limb paralysis (Motor Power score between 8 and 12);
4. written informed consent signed by the patient (or an authorized representative).

Exclusion Criteria

1. cardiovascular instability (severe uncontrolled hypertension, severe coronary artery disease, etc.) or orthopedic, or neurological conditions;
2. presence of multiple cerebrovascular lesions (usually the result of many ischemic episodes in the past);
3. early appearance of marked spasticity (≥ 3 according to Ashworth Scale);
4. joint pain or limited joint range of motion (ROM) of the upper limb that results in the inability to complete the protocol;
5. severe neuropsychologic impairment (global aphasia, severe attention deficit or neglect), affecting the patient's ability to follow instructions;