Inclusion Criteria1. Ischemic lesions in the territory of middle cerebral artery subcortical or subcortical/cortical confirmed neuroimaging
2. Inclusion must be in the sub-acute phase defined as within 2-4 weeks after stroke
3. Persistent hemiparesis, indicated by a score of 1-3 on the motor arm item of the NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) (Brott et al. 1989) but wrist and finger movement is not required
4. No UE injury or conditions that limited use prior to the stroke.
5. The patient is >18 years old.
6. The patient has subscribed the informed consent
Exclusion Criteria1. History of epilepsy, brain tumor, major head trauma, learning disorder, severe cognitive impairment, drug or alcohol abuse, major psychiatric illness
2. Use of medications that may lower seizure threshold (e.g., metronidazole, fluoroquinolones)
3. Severe pain in the affected upper limb (>=8 on the shoulder item of the "joint pain during passive motion" of the Fugl-Meyer Assessment Upper Extremity)
4. Further stroke or other significant medical complication during the study
5. Evidence of severe leucoencephalopathy (grade IV according to the Fazeka's scale)
6. Important aphasia that would impair the understanding and performance of the assessment scales