The purpose of the study is to evaluate the prevalence and extent of right-to-left shunt (RLS) in Chinese migraineurs, and the morbidity of silent cerebral infarction in migraineurs.
This is a prospective multicenter study of Chinese population. Participants (normal individuals without migraine and migraineurs) are included after standardized diagnostic procedures (TCD and c-TCD). For migraineurs with large RLS further examinations (c-TTE and brain MRI) are required. Up to 10 study sites nationwide will be needed to recruit the planned participant population during a 1-year period.
The information of each participants will be registered, including basic facts, the longitudinal headache history, frequency, location, quality, intensity, duration, accompanied symptoms, precipitating and exacerbating factors, with or without aura, MIDAS and HIT-6 questionnaire.
- Observation: Cohort
- Perspective: Prospective
- Sampling: Probability Sample
We detect RLS through contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler (c-TCD). The normal individuals will be selected to group 1, while those who suffer from migraine will be selected to group 2. Patients of group 2 with large RLS are required to take TTE and brain MRI.
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||contrast-enhanced transcranial Doppler||1 year||No|
|Secondary||brain MRI||1 year||No|
- Yingqi Xing Lead