Inclusion Criteria- Age 18-85.
- NIHSS score 6-24 within 24-48 hours after stroke onset and enrolment.
- Stroke is ischemic in origin, supratentorial, and radiologically confirmed (CT scan or diagnostic MRI) prior to enrolment.
- Patient is 24-48 hours from time of stroke onset when the first dose of NTx™-265 therapy is administered. Time of onset is when symptoms began; for stroke that occurred during sleep, time of onset is when patient was last seen or was self-reported to be normal.
- Reasonable expectation of availability to receive the full 9 day NTx™-265 course of therapy, and to be available for subsequent follow-up visits.
- Reasonable expectation that patient will receive standard post-stroke physical, occupational, speech, and cognitive therapy as indicated.
- Female patient is either:
1. not of childbearing potential, defined as postmenopausal for at least 1 year or surgically sterile (bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy) or,
2. if of childbearing potential, agrees to use two of the following effective separate forms of contraception throughout the study, up to and including the follow up visits: i) condoms, sponge, foams, jellies, diaphragm or intrauterine device (IUD) contraceptives (e.g. implants, injectables, combined oral, etc.) OR ii) a vasectomized partner OR iii) abstinence
Exclusion Criteria- Patients presenting with lacunar, hemorrhagic and/or brain stem stroke
- Patients classified as comatose, defined as a patient who requires repeated stimulation to attend, or is obtunded and requires strong or painful stimulation to make movements (NIHSS 1A score must be <2)
- Women who have tested positive for pregnancy, or are breast-feeding, or are not using a highly effective method of birth control that can be maintained for the duration of the study
- Serum hemoglobin > 16 g/dL (males) or > 14 g/dL (females); or platelet count > 400,000/mm3
- Advanced liver, kidney, cardiac, or pulmonary disease; the former will be operationally defined using NCI Toxicity Criteria (Grade 2 or higher)
- Serum bilirubin > 1.5 x ULN
- Alkaline phosphatase > 2.5 x ULN
- AST or ALT > 2.5 x ULN
- Creatinine > 2.0 x ULN
- Patients with known and documented Transferrin saturation <20% or ferritin < 100 ng/ml
- Patients with known and documented elevated PSA levels
- Patients with a known history of hypercoagulability, including known cardiolipin/antiphospholipid antibody syndrome
- Expected survival < 1 year
- Allergy or other contraindication to hCG
- Allergy or other contraindication to epoetin alfa:
- A known diagnosis of cancer (except non-malignant skin cancer)
- Uncontrolled hypertension, defined in the context of acute stroke as blood pressure persistently above 220 mm Hg systolic or 120 mm Hg diastolic despite antihypertensive therapy
- Use of either hCG or epoetin alfa within the previous 90 days
- Any condition known to elevate hCG, active in the prior 24 months, e.g., choriocarcinoma or germ cell tumor
- Patients with a pre-stroke/pre-morbid modified Rankin Score (mRS) ≥ 2
- Any patients living in a nursing home or supervised living center. Patients must be historically fully independent in all activities of daily living including banking, shopping, cooking, toileting, showering and dressing
- Any other medical condition or degree of stroke such that, in the investigator's opinion, the patient should not be included in the trial
- With the exception of the qualifying stroke, any other stroke within the previous 3 months
- Patients who cannot take anti-platelet or anti-coagulant therapy
- Pre-existing and active major psychiatric or other chronic neurological disease
- Consume, on average, greater than 14 alcoholic drinks per week, or have a history of substance abuse or dependency within 12 months prior to the study
- Currently participating in another investigational study