Stiff knee gait is defined as the lack of knee flexion in the swing phase of gait. Stiff knee gait is a frequent condition among stroke patients leading to reduce gait speed and increase energy cost. In association with neuro-rehabilitation, botulinum toxin A injections in the rectus femoris is recommended. However, the botulinum toxin A effect is transient necessitating repeated injections.
The aim of this study is to compare the benefit of the rectus femoris tenotomy in comparison with botulinum toxin A injections according to the 3 domains of the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health of the World Health Organisation
Stroke is the third cause of death and the leading cause of handicap among industrialized countries. Spasticity and co-contraction of the rectus femoris muscle following stroke is responsible for a lack of knee flexion in the swing phase of gait named stiff knee gait.
The rectus femoris spasticity is usually treated by oral medications, physical therapy and botulinum toxin A injections (1,2). As botulinum toxin A has a transient effect, injections must be repeated supporting to promote a permanent surgical treatment such as the rectus femoris tenotomy (3). However, no study has evaluate neither compare the effect of the rectus femoris tenotomy on gait and on the 3 domains of the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health .
To compare the effect of the rectus femoris tenotomy and of the botulinum toxin A injections for stiff knee gait after stroke according to the 3 domains of the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health
The investigators will recruited 20 chronic stroke patients presenting with stiff knee gait. The patients will be randomly assigned to a surgical group treated by rectus femoris tenotomy (10 patients) and to a medical group treated by rectus femoris botulinum toxin A injections.
Patients will be assessed before treatment, 2 months and 6 months after treatment by an assessor blinded therapist among the 3 domains of the International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health
The investigator hope to demonstrate the effectiveness of the rectus femoris tenotomy as a treatment of stiff knee gait after stroke
- Tenotomy of the proximal rectus femoris tendon Procedure
Other Names: Rectus femoris tenotomy Intervention Desc: Surgical release of the proximal tendon of the rectus femoris ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Rectus femoris tenotomy Description: Surgical release of the proximal tendon of the rectus femoris
- Botulinum Toxin injection in the rectus femoris muscle Drug
Other Names: Rectus femoris botulinum toxin A injections Intervention Desc: Injections of 200U of Botox in the rectus femoris muscle with a 2ml/100U dilution ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Botulinum toxin in the rectus femoris muscle Description: Botulinum toxin (200U Botox) injection in the rectus femoris muscle
- Allocation: Randomized
- Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
- Purpose: Treatment
- Endpoint: Efficacy Study
- Intervention: Parallel Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Ashworth scale at the rectus femoris||6 months||No|
|Secondary||Stroke impairment assessment set (SIAS||6 months||No|
|Secondary||Tardieu scale||6 months||No|
|Secondary||MRC (Medical research Council) scale||6 months||No|
|Secondary||Isometric muscle strenght assessment||6 months||No|
|Secondary||10 meter walking test||6 months||No|
|Secondary||Instrumented gait analysis||6 months||No|
|Secondary||ABILOCO scale||6 months||No|
|Secondary||EQ-5D-5L scale||6 months||No|