Inclusion Criteria1. Stroke or TIA (transient ischemic attack) due to the intracranial veterbrobasilar artery occlusion.
2. Occlusions may be diagnosed by TCD (transcranial cerebral doppler), MRA (magnetic resonance angiography), or CTA (computed tomographic angiography) to qualify for angiogram performed as part of the study protocol but must be confirmed by catheter angiography for enrollment in the trial
3. Time from imaging-documented occlusion and/or from aggravation of clinical symptoms (aggravation was defined as change in mRS [modified rankin scale]≥1 and/or NIHSS [national institutes of health stroke scale]≥4) to recanalization was greater than 24 hours. The reasons for delayed intervention were due to delayed diagnosis, interhospital transfer, or unsuccessful initial trial of anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy.
4. Etiology was suitable for stenting, which was judged by at least a neurologist, a neurosurgeon and a neuro-interventionalist.
Exclusion Criteria1. Unsuitable etiology.
2. Stenting, angioplasty, or endarterectomy of an extracranial (carotid or vertebral artery) or intracranial artery within 30 days prior to expected enrollment date
3. Any aneurysm without treatment proximal to or distal to occluded intracranial artery
4. Intracranial tumor (except meningioma) or any intracranial vascular malformation
5. CT or angiographic evidence of severe calcification at target lesion
6. Brain infarct within previous 30 days of enrollment that is of sufficient size (> 5 cms) to be at risk of hemorrhagic conversion during or after stenting
7. Any hemorrhagic infarct within 14 days prior to enrollment
8. Any hemorrhagic infarct within 15 - 30 days that is associated with mass effect
9. Any history of a primary intracerebral (parenchymal) hemorrhage (ICH)
10. Any other intracranial hemorrhage (subarachnoid, subdural, epidural) within 30 days
11. Any untreated chronic subdural hematoma of greater than 5 mm in thickness
12. Presence of any of the following unequivocal cardiac sources of embolism: chronic or paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, mitral stenosis, mechanical valve, endocarditis, intracardiac clot or vegetation, myocardial infarction within three months, dilated cardiomyopathy, left atrial spontaneous echo contrast, ejection fraction less than 30%
13. Known allergy or contraindication to aspirin, clopidogrel, heparin, metal, local or general anesthesia
14. History of life-threatening allergy to contrast dye.
15. Active peptic ulcer disease, major systemic hemorrhage within 30 days, active bleeding diathesis, platelets < 100,000, hematocrit < 30, INR [international normalized ratio] > 1.5, clotting factor abnormality that increases the risk of bleeding, current alcohol or substance abuse, uncontrolled severe hypertension (systolic pressure > 180 mm Hg or diastolic pressure > 115 mm Hg), severe liver impairment (AST [aspartate transaminate]or ALT [alanine transaminase]> 3 x normal, cirrhosis), creatinine > 3.0 (unless on dialysis)
16. Major surgery (including open femoral, aortic, or carotid surgery) within previous 30 days or planned in the next 90 days after enrollment
17. Pregnancy or of childbearing potential and unwilling to use contraception for the duration of this study
18. Life expectancy＜1 year due to other medical conditions.
19. Enrollment in another study that would conflict with the current study
20. Other special conditions considered by neurological physician, neurosurgeon and neuro-intervention doctors, weren't suitable for recanalization procedure.