This study focuses on causes of under-use of secondary stroke preventive measures demonstrated in randomized clinical trials to be efficacious, but not appropriately utilized in urban, minority populations.
As the population ages and the number of prevalent strokes increases recurrent stroke is becoming an increasingly important health care burden. National and local data strongly suggest that this burden falls disproportionately on minority populations, notably Blacks and Hispanics. This study seeks to determine the factors that contribute to that disparity and design and implement a novel intervention tailored to alleviate the factors identified. Specifically it will focus on causes of under-use of stroke preventive measures demonstrated in randomized clinical trials to be efficacious, but not appropriately utilized in urban, minority populations.
In the first phase of the study, charts of acute stroke patients in 4 large urban hospitals that serve the 3 racial/ethnic groups under study (Blacks, Hispanics and non-Hispanic whites) will be reviewed to determine the magnitude of under-use of these measures. Simultaneously, a panel of local expert physicians will finalize the proposed criteria for appropriate attention to risk factor assessment and modification. In the second phase of the proposed work, we will conduct a randomized trial intervention strategy that will include a control arm, and a patient educational arm where participants will be enrolled in a Chronic Disease Self Management Program. The program is designed to teach patients tools for managing their chronic illness which will empower them to improve their overall health. The program will be specifically tailored for patients living with asymptomatic chronic illnesses and will emphasize communication with health care providers. The educational intervention will be accompanied by a two-phased chart abstraction to measure clinical markers pre and post intervention. In the final phase of the study, the results of the trial will be analyzed and the results disseminated
- Chronic Disease Self Management Course Behavioral
- Allocation: Randomized
- Masking: Open Label
- Purpose: Treatment
- Endpoint: Efficacy Study
- Intervention: Single Group Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Identification of under-use of effective secondary stroke preventive measures.|
|Secondary||Identification of the causes of under-use of effective secondary stroke preventive measures|
|Secondary||the characteristics of those patients|