Post Stroke Hand Functions: Bilateral Movements and Electrical Stimulation Treatments


Phase 2 Results



  • Richards LG, Stewart KC, Woodbury ML, Senesac C, Cauraugh JH. Movement-dependent stroke recovery: a systematic review and meta-analysis of TMS and fMRI evidence. Neuropsychologia. 2008 Jan 15;46(1):3-11. Epub 2007 Aug 24. Review. Pubmed ID:17904594
  • Lodha N, Naik SK, Coombes SA, Cauraugh JH. Force control and degree of motor impairments in chronic stroke. Clin Neurophysiol. 2010 Nov;121(11):1952-61. Erratum in: Clin Neurophysiol. 2011 Feb;122(2):423. Pubmed ID:20435515
  • Naik SK, Patten C, Lodha N, Coombes SA, Cauraugh JH. Force control deficits in chronic stroke: grip formation and release phases. Exp Brain Res. 2011 May;211(1):1-15. Epub 2011 Mar 30. Pubmed ID:21448576
  • Cauraugh JH, Lodha N, Naik SK, Summers JJ. Bilateral movement training and stroke motor recovery progress: a structured review and meta-analysis. Hum Mov Sci. 2010 Oct;29(5):853-70. Epub 2009 Nov 18. Review. Pubmed ID:19926154
  • Cauraugh JH, Kim SB. Stroke motor recovery: active neuromuscular stimulation and repetitive practice schedules. J Neurol Neurosurg Psychiatry. 2003 Nov;74(11):1562-6. Pubmed ID:14617717
  • Cauraugh JH, Kim S. Two coupled motor recovery protocols are better than one: electromyogram-triggered neuromuscular stimulation and bilateral movements. Stroke. 2002 Jun;33(6):1589-94. Pubmed ID:12052996
  • Cauraugh JH, Kim SB. Chronic stroke motor recovery: duration of active neuromuscular stimulation. J Neurol Sci. 2003 Nov 15;215(1-2):13-9. Pubmed ID:14568122
  • Liepert J, Uhde I, Graf S, Leidner O, Weiller C. Motor cortex plasticity during forced-use therapy in stroke patients: a preliminary study. J Neurol. 2001 Apr;248(4):315-21. Pubmed ID:11374097
  • Cauraugh JH, Coombes SA, Lodha N, Naik SK, Summers JJ. Upper extremity improvements in chronic stroke: coupled bilateral load training. Restor Neurol Neurosci. 2009;27(1):17-25. Pubmed ID:19164850

Sources for Trial Information