Patients after ischemic stroke are at high risk of recurrent cardiovascular events and of developing post-stroke complications. There is a substantial gap between risk factor management in real life and that recommended by international guidelines. Stroke Card is a multifaceted comprehensive post-stroke disease management program to detect and treat complications and optimize secondary prevention. The investigators hypothesize that, compared to standard care, Stroke Card will lead to an at least 33.3% risk reduction in recurrent cardiovascular events and improve health-related quality-of-life.
Stroke is the leading cause of disability and morbidity in the Western world and will extend its lead based on the continuous aging of European populations. Apart from persistent deficits, potentially avoidable medium- and long-term complications are significant contributors to post-stroke functional impairment and an appealing target for concerted interventions. Moreover, there is a substantial gap between risk factor management in real life and that recommended by international guidelines, resulting in a large number of avoidable recurring events.
Stroke Card is a prospective block-randomized open interventional trial with blinded outcome assessment comparing two standards of post-stroke patient care which both comply with the current state-of-the-art. Consecutive patients treated at the Department of Neurology of the University Hospital Innsbruck with ischemic stroke or high-risk TIA will be allocated to either standard care or extended standard care according to the Stroke Card concept and will be enrolled during the initial hospital stay. A second study center (Hospital St. John of God Vienna) is also enrolling patients. The program complies with the respective guidelines of the American Heart Association (AHA), focuses on patient empowerment, patient self-management education, routine reporting to the general practitioner (GP), evidence-based decision making, shared knowledge, and cooperation among physicians.
Whereas disease management programs typically rely on expert opinion, our initiative moves from a purely empirical approach to a highly structured, individualized and evidence-based procedure with an outcome and health economy analysis.
Early detection or prevention of post-stroke complications, estimation of the patient's demand for nursing services and support, guideline-conform secondary prevention with full achievement of target levels, lifestyle modifications and outcome assessment after 3 and 12 months, assessment of 12-Mo body functioning (impairment), activity (disability) and participation (handicap and quality-of-life (QoL)).
Detailed assessment of patient adherence to drug prescriptions as well as lifestyle modifications and analysis of its key determinants.
Implementation of a simple electronic tool for patients ("My Stroke Card") capable of storing data, displaying risk factor levels over time (graphs), giving feedback about target level achievement (red, orange, green), providing information (recommendations, self-administered patient training programmes, etc), and unraveling post-stroke complications (modified post-stroke checklist). The "My Stroke Card" is also available in print version for patients without personal computer (PC) access.
Scientific proof that extended standard care ameliorates functional outcome and patient wellbeing (QoL), and improves secondary prevention of stroke and other vascular sequels without raising costs.
Refinement of Stroke Card components in the case of success to end up with a condensed practicable approach for broad routine use, and identification of subgroups with the most pronounced benefit.
- Active Comparator: Extended Standard Care (Stroke Card) Behavioral
Intervention Desc: Standard Care plus extended training with access to weekly educational lectures (education of patients and relatives), implementation of "My Stroke Card" containing (a) an adopted version of the 'post-stroke checklist' (ascertainment of post-stroke complications), (b) self-administered internet-based tools for risk factor monitoring and reinforcement of target level achievement, and (c) information and educational materials. 3-Mo outpatient appointment with standardized assessment of risk factors and screening for complications, health problems and residual deficits, estimation of the patient's demand for nursing services and support, guideline-conform secondary prevention with full achievement of target levels, assessment of patient adherence to drug prescriptions. 6-Mo and 9-Mo visits on the discretion of the study team in case of medical needs. 12-Mo clinical visit and outcome assessment. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Extended Standard Care (Stroke Card)
- Active Comparator: Standard Care Behavioral
Intervention Desc: In-hospital training (education of patients, next of kin and caregivers on risk factor management and assessment, life style improvement, and compliance). Complimentary provision of a book / information material dealing with patient and caregiver relevant aspects of stroke care. Advise by a dietitian (general advise and individualized recommendations in patients with diabetes and obesity). Standardized information materials (e.g. for OAK or NOAK therapy). Support for smoking cessation and weight reduction if necessary or requested. Detailed medical reports (doctor's letter for the general practitioner and patient) at discharge containing target levels for risk factor management. AF detection at the Stroke Unit (1-5 day monitoring) and/or at the ward (24-hour ECG). 3-Mo telephone interview and 12-Mo clinical visit and outcome assessment. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Standard Care
- Allocation: Randomized
- Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
- Purpose: Prevention
- Endpoint: Efficacy Study
- Intervention: Parallel Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Major recurrent (post-discharge) cardiovascular events [nonfatal stroke, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and vascular death]||one year||Yes|
|Primary||Health-related QoL (European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions EQ-5D-3L - overall health utility score)||at one year||Yes|
|Secondary||Recurrent stroke (both ischemic and hemorrhagic) and TIA||one year and up to three years||Yes|
|Secondary||Death from all causes||one year and up to three years||Yes|
|Secondary||Functional outcome||at one year and at three months||Yes|
|Secondary||Quality-of-Life 5 individual dimensions (mobility, self-care, usual activities, pain and discomfort, anxiety and depression)||at one year||Yes|
|Secondary||Target level achievement in secondary prevention||at one year||Yes|
|Secondary||Number of out-of-schedule consultations of physicians and out-patient hospital services, and out-of-schedule hospital admissions||one year||Yes|
|Secondary||Recurrent (post-discharge) cardiovascular events||one year|
- Medical University Innsbruck Lead
- Private Universität für Gesundheitswissenschaften, Medizinische Informatik und Technik (UMIT)
- Tiroler Gebietskrankenkasse (TGKK)
- Center of Excellence in Medicine and IT (CEMIT)
- Cemit Center of Excellence in Medicine and IT
- Tiroler Gesundheitsfonds (TGF)
- Tiroler Landeskrankenanstalten GmbH (TILAK)