Paired Associative Stimulation in Post-stroke Hand Motor Deficits "PAS-stroke"

Recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

Introduction The motor impairment of the upper extremity is the most common sequelae after ischemic stroke. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a promising non- invasive technique in the rehabilitation of motor deficits. However, its effect in post-stroke motor deficits remains moderate our days. To potentiate the effect of TMS, techniques called Paired Associative Stimulations (PAS) involving the integration of afferent sensory inputs at the level of the ipsilesional primary motor cortex were developed in healthy subjects. PAS techniques have shown a gain of corticospinal excitability by such phenomenon known as long Term Potentiation (LTP) and a gain of motor performance. The investigators would like to propose to evaluate two types of these techniques with a volley of visual afferents (visuomotor stimulation, V_PAS) or of cerebellar afferents (CER_PAS), because these two structures convey important information in the execution of the movement.
Design Multicenter, randomized, study, 60 patients in 3 parallel groups (V_PAS, CER_PAS, control group with sham and sham V_PAS CER_PAS), 5 days of treatment, clinical assessment, electrophysiological and MRI before, immediately post- and second post-assessments (4 weeks).
A group of 24 healthy subjects will undergo a parallel physiopathological study on the underlying mechanisms of cerebellar PAS
Objectives Main objective: To determine whether (and how) Paired Associative Stimulation technique (PAS) induces cerebral reorganization in the primary motor cortex compared to the control group.
Aim 2: Determine whether (and which) type of PAS is capable of inducing changes in motor performance of the upper limb paresis and duration Aim 3: Determine whether (and which) type of PAS is capable of inducing changes in excitability of the corticospinal tract and duration Aim 4: Determine how PAS techniques modify the functional connectivity during movement Aim 5: Determine if connectivity changes during induced movement correlate with clinical improvements Aim 6: Determine whether patients who benefit of a type of PAS have specific anatomical lesion characteristics (volume, afferent and efferent white matter fasciculi integrity)

Detailed Description

Introduction The motor impairment of the upper extremity is the most common sequelae after ischemic stroke. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a promising non- invasive technique in the rehabilitation of motor deficits. However, its effect in post-stroke motor deficits remains moderate the investigators days. To potentiate the effect of TMS, techniques called Paired Associative Stimulations (PAS) involving the integration of afferent sensory inputs at the level of the ipsilesional primary motor cortex were developed in healthy subjects. PAS techniques have shown a gain of corticospinal excitability by such phenomenon known as long Term Potentiation (LTP) and a gain of motor performance. The investigators would like to propose to evaluate two types of these techniques with a volley of visual afferents (visuomotor stimulation, V_PAS) or of cerebellar afferents (CER_PAS), because these two structures convey important information in the execution of the movement.
Design Multicenter, randomized study, 60 patients in 3 parallel groups (V_PAS, CER_PAS, control group with sham and sham V_PAS CER_PAS), 5 days of treatment, clinical assessment, electrophysiological and MRI before, immediately post- and second post-assessments (4 weeks).
A group of 24 healthy subjects will undergo a parallel physiopathological study on the underlying mechanisms of cerebellar PAS Objectives Main objective: To determine whether (and how) Paired Associative Stimulation technique (PAS) induces cerebral reorganization in the primary motor cortex compared to the control group.
Aim 2: Determine whether (and which) type of PAS is capable of inducing changes in motor performance of the upper limb paresis and duration Aim 3: Determine whether (and which) type of PAS is capable of inducing changes in excitability of the corticospinal tract and duration Aim 4: Determine how PAS techniques modify the functional connectivity during movement Aim 5: Determine if connectivity changes during induced movement correlate with clinical improvements Aim 6: Determine whether patients who benefit of a type of PAS have specific anatomical lesion characteristics (volume, afferent and efferent white matter fasciculi integrity) Aim 7: for healthy subjects: determine the TMS parameters that will influence the response to cerebellar PAS protocols
Hypotheses
- The sensorimotor stimulation approach (V_PAS or CER_PAS) improves motor function of the hand compared to the control group. The CER_PAS approach may be more effective than V_PAS as the cerebellum plays a major role in the post-stroke recovery
- This improvement would be explained by an effect on brain reorganization by increasing the proportion of activation in the ipsilesional primary motor cortex comparing to the contralesional side, as well as strengthening the relationships between ipsilesional premotor and motor cortices.
- Clinical and electrophysiological effects observed in the combined approach are correlated with specific characteristics of the sensorimotor network assessed by MRI.
Perspectives Demonstrating beneficial effects would subsequently consider protocols in order to achieve a therapeutic effect in the long term. The low cost greatly facilitates the implementation of feasible treatments in routine care in specialized centers (or pilot research centers) and potentially useful in many patients. The study of the characteristics of responders and non-responders patients would provide "patient-oriented" treatment, which take into account the particularities of each subject.

Conditions

Interventions

  • PAS Device
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: V_PAS
    Description: Visuomotor paired associative stimulation protocol
    ARM 2: Kind: Experimental
    Label: CER_PAS
    Description: cerebellar-motor associative stimulation protocol

Trial Design

  • Observation: Case-Only
  • Perspective: Prospective
  • Sampling: Probability Sample

Trial Population

Stroke patients

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary change in lateralization indices in the primary motor cortex using functional magnetic Resonance Change from Baseline to day 5 (Pre and post intervention) No
Secondary change in motor score of the affected hand by the Jebsen Taylor Test Change from Baseline to day 5 (Pre and post intervention) No
Secondary change in corticospinal excitability by the motor evoked potentials Change from Baseline to day 5 (Pre and post intervention) No

Sponsors