In clinical practice, intracranial pressure (ICP) represents a key parameter for diagnosing and treating several conditions. Physicians having to manage cases of head trauma, stroke and hydrocephalus need to assess the time course of ICP, yet they are often unwilling to implement invasive monitoring beyond the acute stage, on account of high septic risks. Standard techniques include direct ventricular manometry or measurement in the parenchyma with electronic or fiberoptic devices. Therefore, the design of non-invasive clinical methods for gaining access to pressure changes is an important challenge. Fluctuations of ICP are transmitted to the fluid spaces of the inner ear through the cochlear aqueduct. The Biophysics Laboratory (School of Medicine of Clermont-Ferrand) described that the intra-labyrinthic pressure modify the functional activities of the outer hair cells in the cochlea. Thereby, increases in ICP are transferred to increases in intra-cochlear pressure, which is detected as modifications in cochlear activities. Cochlear activities' recording are non-invasive and technically simple. A probe is gently inserted into the outer portion of the external ear canal.
The objective of this study is to assess prospectively the accuracy and the precision of a new method for ICP monitoring (using cochlear activities) compared with invasive gold standard CSF pressure monitoring.
The purpose of this study is to examine the evolution of the electrophysiological cochlear activity (cochlear microphonic potential, CMP), with a non invasive method, during invasive ICP monitoring. The data analysis will determine relationship between ICP variations and CMP variations.
Continuous ICP monitoring has an important place in neuro-intensive care. ICP may be measured either within the ventricular cerebrospinal fluid or within the brain parenchyma.
The purpose of this study is to assess prospectively the accuracy and the precision of a new method for indirect ICP monitoring (using electrophysiological cochlear activity) compared with an invasive gold standard ICP monitoring. The data analysis will determine relationship between ICP variations and CMP variations.
Electrophysiological cochlear activities, so called electrocochleography (ECochG), are a non invasive and totally passive method used in routine in ENT department. The response measured in ECochG is the cochlear microphonic potential (CMP), generated by the outer hair cells following by presenting tone burst at 1kHz. CMP is recorded with the help of an Echodia® hand-held equipment.
Technically, a simple, non-invasive detection of ICP changes and ICP monitoring can be afforded by CMP recordings.
- Echodia® hand-held equipment Device
ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Intracranial pressure
- Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
- Intervention: Single Group Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Cochlear Microphonic Potential phase shift||acquisition every 5minutes during 4hours||Yes|
|Secondary||IntraCranialPressure variations||every minutes during 4 hours||Yes|