NICE: NeuroImaging in Cessation Education

Enrolling by invitation

Phase N/A Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

- Age ≥18
- Active smoker, as defined: at least 100 cigarettes in their entire life, must have smoked cigarette at least once in 4 days prior to onset of stroke
- Primary ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke identified on neuroimaging (MRI DWI/ADC or CT of brain)
- Onset of stroke symptoms within 30 days to time of recruitment
- Capacity to comprehend counseling data: Each participant will be given a cognitive screening test to assess the ability to comprehend and accurately answer the medical history questionnaire (MMSE). If the participant fails this test (score < 23), they will be excluded.
- Patients discharged home or short term rehab with expectation of returning home within the study period

Exclusion Criteria

- Patients whose stroke deficits clinically prevent them from reasonably being physically able to continue to smoke, such as bilateral upper extremity paresis, tracheostomy, GCS ≥9
- Patients with sensory aphasia that impairs comprehension
- Subarachnoid hemorrhage
- Transient ischemic attack
- Other cause of cerebral ischemia or hemorrhage not defined as primary ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke (i.e. hemorrhagic metastases)
- Patients whose stroke symptoms started >30 days from time of enrollment
- Patients discharged to acute rehab, long term acute care hospital or hospice who are unlikely to have access to cigarettes
- Patients unable to complete cognitive screening test for whom an appropriate proxy does not exist
- Patients who do not speak fluent English (given that the study largely revolves around oral education on smoking cessation, clear communication between participant and coordinator must be possible)