NICE: NeuroImaging in Cessation Education

Enrolling by invitation

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

The investigators aim to examine the effect on smoking cessation rate by showing stroke patients who are active smokers images of their strokes.

Detailed Description

The investigators hypothesize that showing actual images of a patient's stroke to the participant on either brain CT or MRI will be a similarly easy to understand quantification of damage done to the participant's body. Given the link between smoking and stroke risk, the investigators believe that providing this imaging in addition to standard smoking cessation education may improve rates of smoking cessation after stroke. If this proves true, addition of a patient's neuroimaging to standard post-stroke smoking cessation education would be an easy method to improve smoking cessation rates in stroke patients, at minimal cost.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Neuroimages of stroke Behavioral
    Intervention Desc: Participants in the intervention group will be shown computer images of head CT or brain MRI (DWI/FLAIR series) of their strokes. Basic orientation to neuroimaging (laterality, positioning, parts of the brain) will be provided first, and then the image of the stroke itself will be reviewed. Participants will be provided with a paper copy of the slice demonstrating the largest volume of stroke to keep. In comparison, patients will also be shown images of a normal healthy, and images of a patient with recurrent strokes due to smoking. Patients will be told that smoking cessation would help to prevent additional stroke, but that it would not repair the damage already done, as visualized on the neuroimaging.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Neuroimages of stroke
    Description: Participants in the intervention group will undergo standardized smoking cessation counseling (as offered to the active comparator group) and will also be shown computer images of head CT or brain MRI (DWI/FLAIR series) of their strokes. Basic orientation to neuroimaging (laterality, positioning, parts of the brain) will be provided first, and then the image of the stroke itself will be reviewed. Participants will be provided with a paper copy of the slice demonstrating the largest volume of stroke to keep. In comparison, patients will also be shown images of a normal healthy, and images of a patient with recurrent strokes due to smoking. Patients will be told that smoking cessation would help to prevent additional stroke, but that it would not repair the damage already done, as visualized on the neuroimaging.
  • Standardized smoking cessation counseling Behavioral
    Intervention Desc: Standardized smoking cessation counseling will be provided at their initial interview. They will be provided pamphlets from the National Stroke Association and the American Heart Association regarding risk factor reduction. Packets will include general information on risks associated with smoking along with the benefits of cessation, and methods to quit. Pamphlets will include Life's Simple 7 (American Heart Association, 2014) and Be Smoke Free: Facts about Smoking and Stroke Risk (National Stroke Association, 2009). Counseling will be scripted and standardized to ensure similar language with all participants.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Standardized smoking cessation counseling
    Description: Standardized smoking cessation counseling will be provided at their initial interview. They will be provided pamphlets from the National Stroke Association and the American Heart Association regarding risk factor reduction. Packets will include general information on risks associated with smoking along with the benefits of cessation, and methods to quit. Pamphlets will include Life's Simple 7 (American Heart Association, 2014) and Be Smoke Free: Facts about Smoking and Stroke Risk (National Stroke Association, 2009). Counseling will be scripted and standardized to ensure similar language with all participants.

Trial Design

  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
  • Purpose: Prevention
  • Endpoint: Efficacy Study
  • Intervention: Parallel Assignment

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary cessation of smoking measured by self-report collected during follow-up phone interviews. 30 day follow-up visit No
Secondary number of cigarettes smoked per day measured by self-report collected during follow-up phone interviews. 30 day follow-up visit No

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