Neuromuscular Electroestimulation and Respiratory Muscle Training in Subacute Stroke


Phase 4 Results N/A



  • Wheeler KM, Chiara T, Sapienza CM. Surface electromyographic activity of the submental muscles during swallow and expiratory pressure threshold training tasks. Dysphagia. 2007 Apr;22(2):108-16. Epub 2007 Feb 10. Pubmed ID:17294298
  • Huckabee ML, Doeltgen S. Emerging modalities in dysphagia rehabilitation: neuromuscular electrical stimulation. N Z Med J. 2007 Oct 12;120(1263):U2744. Review. Pubmed ID:17972964
  • Logemann JA. The effects of VitalStim on clinical and research thinking in dysphagia. Dysphagia. 2007 Jan;22(1):11-2. Epub 2007 Jan 10. Pubmed ID:17216392
  • Martino R, Foley N, Bhogal S, Diamant N, Speechley M, Teasell R. Dysphagia after stroke: incidence, diagnosis, and pulmonary complications. Stroke. 2005 Dec;36(12):2756-63. Epub 2005 Nov 3. Review. Pubmed ID:16269630
  • Chiara T, Martin AD, Davenport PW, Bolser DC. Expiratory muscle strength training in persons with multiple sclerosis having mild to moderate disability: effect on maximal expiratory pressure, pulmonary function, and maximal voluntary cough. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Apr;87(4):468-73. Pubmed ID:16571384
  • Kulnik ST, Birring SS, Moxham J, Rafferty GF, Kalra L. Does respiratory muscle training improve cough flow in acute stroke? Pilot randomized controlled trial. Stroke. 2015 Feb;46(2):447-53. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.114.007110. Epub 2014 Dec 11. Pubmed ID:25503549

Sources for Trial Information