Natural History of Stroke: Cause and Development

Recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

The purpose of this study is to learn more about stroke and obtain information that may serve as the basis for future investigations. It will 1) establish a registry of patients with cerebrovascular disease (stroke); 2) characterize the natural history of acute stroke and transient ischemic attacks (TIA) an interruption of blood flow to the brain that causes stroke symptoms for a short period of time); and 3) evaluate the data to generate ideas for future studies.
Patients 18 years of age or older with suspected acute stroke or TIA may be eligible for this study. Subjects will be recruited from patients who present with stroke at the emergency department of Suburban Hospital in Bethesda, Maryland.
The study will gather data collected from diagnostic and laboratory tests the patient undergoes as part of standard medical care, including findings of medical and neurological examinations and other tests. In addition, studies will be done for research purposes only to gather data about stroke and TIA. These may include the following:
- Blood and urine tests not more than 2 tablespoons of blood will be drawn for various tests.
- Electrocardiogram (EKG) (heart tracing) electrodes placed on the chest wall detect the heartbeat and heart rhythm.
- Computed tomography (CT) scan of the head specialized X-rays are used to obtain images of the brain.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain a strong magnetic field and radio waves are used to produce images that provide information about the brain tissue and blood vessels.
- Transcranial Doppler (TCD) sound waves are used to image the arteries of the brain and neck.
- Echocardiogram sound waves are used to image the heart and evaluate heart function.
Patients may be asked to return to Suburban Hospital for follow-up testing in 1, 3, and/or 12 months, when some of these tests may be repeated to assess changes over time

Detailed Description

OBJECTIVE: This is a natural history/disease pathogenesis protocol for evaluation of patients with or at risk for acute stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), or other disturbances of cerebrovascular circulation. The purpose of this protocol is to generate natural history data to serve as the basis for future hypothesis-driven protocols as well as to contribute to the clinical and physiological understanding of cerebrovascular disease through the description of disease manifestations and the relationship among clinical, hematologic, and radiologic variables, as well as identifying potential subjects for future studies on stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases.
STUDY POPULATIONS: Patients will be recruited from the collaborative stroke program between NINDS and affiliated hospitals and will be followed for the duration of their hospitalization. Select subjects will then be seen for follow for up to one year.
DESIGN: Clinical issues to be addressed will include disease manifestations, natural history, acute disease management, and psychological/behavioral impact of the disease. Because of the nature of acute cerebrovascular disease, it is important to note that the research performed under this protocol will not interfere with emergency clinical evaluation or treatment of subjects, as specified in the clinical care pathway in place for the standard care of stroke patients at participating hospitals. Due to the emergency nature of clinical evaluation and therapy for stroke patients, waiver of written informed consent in certain circumstances for minimal risk procedures during acute period (e.g., collecting extra tubes of blood during initial phlebotomy for emergency room blood tests) will be required when it is impossible to obtain consent prior to critical emergency treatment procedures that may change the values of the variables. Patients will not be treated with experimental therapies as part of this protocol. Data collected under this protocol may be shared with other NIH researchers and databases and the National Institutes of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Repository if the subject approves this option in the informed consent.
OUTCOME MEASURES: In addition to clinical, imaging and laboratory data that are part of routine clinical care of the patient, a variety of outcomes will be collected, e.g., infarct volume, clinical outcomes on NIH Stroke Scale, modified Rankin Score, Barthel Index, blood marker of inflammation, coagulation and gene expression. Statistical analysis plans will be developed as specific questions and hypotheses are generated.

Conditions

Patient Involvement

The study will gather data collected from diagnostic and laboratory tests the patient undergoes as part of standard medical care, including findings of medical and neurological examinations and other tests. In addition, studies will be done for research purposes only to gather data about stroke and TIA. Patients may be asked to return to Suburban Hospital for follow-up testing in 1, 3, and/or 12 months, when some of these tests may be repeated to assess changes over time.

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary In addition to clinical, imaging and laboratory data that are part of routine clinical care of the patient, a variety of outcomes will be collected, e.g., infarct volume, clinical outcomes on NIH Stroke Scale, modified Rankin Score, Barthel Index, blood marker of inflammation, coagulation and DNA. Statistical analysis plans will be developed as specific questions and hypotheses are generated.

Sponsors