Motor imagery is a technique widely used in learning skills. Its effectiveness has been proven in various sports and in musicians. A recent review (Braun et al. 2006) suggested that this technique may also be effective in rehabilitation of patients with neurological disease or damage, but that further research was needed.
The main purpose of this research is to discover whether motor imagery practice is beneficial in the rehabilitation of skills in patients who have some disability due to neurological disease or damage. The principal research question is: are physiotherapy and occupational therapy given incorporating motor imagery more effective than standard care (i.e., the same therapies but without integrated motor imagery) in re-training task specific performance for patients with neurological disease or damage?
- Motor imagery practice Behavioral
Intervention Desc: During motor imagery practice a person imagines performing a skill or movement with all its sensory consequences without actually moving. In this study the therapists follow a motor imagery guideline designed for rehabilitation of skills and movement performance in subjects with neurological disease or damage. The guideline offers therapists structure and a strategy to deliver subject-specific imagery. The guideline is based on three major frameworks, namely; principles of motor learning, phased process of human movement and a training guide for sports coaches and performers from the National Coaching Foundation. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: 1 Description: All patients will receive the occupational therapy and physiotherapy normally given in their setting. In addition; the experimental group will receive 2 instruction DVD's introducing them to motor imagery practice, taking 35 minutes in total. The research therapist will also attend the first session with the physiotherapist and with the occupational therapist to help incorporate motor imagery within the therapy. Thereafter the therapist will help the patient use motor imagery as part of their normal treatment. The total amount spent on motor imagery during therapy sessions will be 6.5 hours in 6 weeks.
- Standard physiotherapy and occupational therapy Other
Intervention Desc: Patients with neurological disease or damage will receive standard physiotherapy and occupational therapy. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: 2 Description: All patients will receive the occupational therapy and physiotherapy normally given in their setting. In addition; the control group will receive 2 DVDs for 35 minutes in total. These will show background information on their condition, explaining the importance of practice of activities, and on the principles of motor learning and phased movement which underlie most therapy.The research therapist will also attend the first session with the physiotherapist and with the occupational therapist to control for attention. The total amount the physiotherapist and occupational therapist spend with the patients should be the same in both groups.
- Allocation: Randomized
- Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
- Purpose: Treatment
- Intervention: Parallel Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Goal Attainment Scaling||After 6 and 12 weeks||No|
|Secondary||Motor imagery questionnaire||Baseline, 6 weeks, 12 weeks||No|
|Secondary||Timed up and go||Baseline, 6 weeks, 12 weeks||No|
|Secondary||Action research arm test||Baseline, 6 weeks, 12 weeks||No|