Morphology of Advanced Symptomatic Cerebral Plaques With High Embolic Potential

Recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

- Inclusion Criteria for the Symptomatic Group:
1. Patient is 30 to 85 years of age, inclusive.
2. Patients who have an acute infarct in diffusion-weighted MRI compatible with artery-to-artery thrombo-embolism, a relevant intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis ≥60%, and MES detected by TCD.
3. Patient who has no contra-indication for the proposed imaging tests.
4. Patient understands the purpose and requirements of the study, and has provided an informed consent.
- Inclusion Criteria for the Asymptomatic Group:
1. Patient is 30 to 85 years of age, inclusive.
2. Patient who has a high-grade (>60%) intracranial stenosis (signal void in MR angiography) but without infarct in the corresponding vascular territory in DWI or T2-weighted sequence.
3. Patient has no MES detected on TCD examination.
4. Patient who has no contra-indication for the proposed imaging tests.
5. Patient understands the purpose and requirements of the study, and has provided an informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria

Subject who meets one or more of the following criteria cannot be recruited in the study:
1. Stroke etiology uncertain or unrelated to intracranial atherosclerosis, such as cardioembolism, Moyamoya disease, small vessel disease, etc.
2. A tandem stenosis >50% at proximal internal carotid artery.
3. Bleeding propensity: active peptic ulcer disease, major systemic hemorrhage within 30 days, thrombocytopenia (platelets <100 x 109/L), coagulopathy (INR >1.5).
4. A medical condition that would not allow the patient to adhere to the protocol or complete the study.