This study is to elucidate the morphologic evolution and remodeling of ICAD under stringent control of cardiovascular risk factors.
The investigator has conducted extensive research on ICAD by transcranial Doppler ultrasound, CT angiography and perfusion studies, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) respectively. Currently, the investigator applied 3-dimensional rotational angiogram (3DRA), a selective intra-arterial catheter-based imaging technique that had a superior spatial resolution compared with CT, MRI or DSA in depicting minute (<3mm) angio-architecture. Through 3DRA, the investigator could appreciate the ICAD patho-anatomy from a near-infinite number of planes, analyzing the stroke mechanisms and morphological changes with much improved precision. A neuro-radiologist and a stroke neurologist blind to time sequence will measure the geometric parameters and the luminal narrowing by WASID method.
- 3DRA Diagnostic Test
ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Symptomatic stroke patient Description: Patients who are found signal void in a relevant intracranial internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery (stenosis >60%) will proceed to a 3-Dimensional rotational angiography (3DRA) at baseline and in 12 months. All recruited patients will receive dual antiplatelet agents for 4 weeks, followed by aspirin alone. The investigator or neurologists shall regularly review the patients and treat the conventional cardiovascular risk factors based on four pre-specified goals, for example, LDL <1.8, HbA1c <6.0, blood pressure <140/90 and no smoking. The morphologic changes of the cerebral plaques with the intensity of the risk factor control in pre and post will be correlated.
Patients who have acute cerebral ischemic symptoms attributed to a high-grade (≥60%) stenosis at a middle cerebral artery or intracranial segment of an internal carotid artery (ICA) would be reviewed by neurologists. If their stroke etiology and relevance to ICAD based on clinical syndrome, vascular imaging features and concurrent cardiovascular risks are eligible, they would be invited to join the study.
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Morphologic Evolution and Remodeling of Intracranial Atherosclerosis||Dec, 2019|