Mirror Therapy in Pos Stroke Individuals

Completed

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

To evaluate the benefits of Mirror Therapy (MT) and motivation in patients with different levels of post-stroke motor impairment with two different therapy protocols. This is a randomized uncontrolled blinded study, with 27 individuals in the chronic phase of stroke. Participants were randomized into two intervention groups: MT group with motor patterns of movement (MP, n=13) and MT group with specific functional activities (SA, n=14). Motor impairment assessments (Fugl-Meyer Assessment - FMA), motivation (Intrinsic Motivation Inventory) and functionality (Functional Independence Measure - FIM) were performed before and after treatment, and 3 months after the end of sessions (follow-up). In each intervention group,there were patients classified with mild, moderate or severe motor impairment, according to FMA. All participants performed 15 MT sessions, 3 times a week for 50 minutes each session.

Detailed Description

Objective: To evaluate the benefits of Mirror Therapy (MT) and motivation in patients with different levels of post-stroke motor impairment with two different therapy protocols. Methods: This is a randomized uncontrolled blinded study, with 27 individuals in the chronic phase of stroke. Participants were randomized into two intervention groups: MT group with motor patterns of movement (MP, n=13) and MT group with specific functional activities (SA, n=14). Motor impairment assessments (Fugl-Meyer Assessment - FMA), motivation (IntrinsicMotivationInventory) and functionality (Functional Independence Measure - FIM) were performed before and after treatment, and 3 months after the end of sessions (follow-up). In each intervention group,there were patients classified with mild, moderate or severe motor impairment, according to FMA. All participants performed 15 MT sessions, 3 times a week for 50 minutes each session.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Mirror therapy Other
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Group of Motor Patterns
    Description: For the mirror therapy protocol applied to the Motor Standard, each patient was treated with 15 mirror therapy sessions, 3 times a week for a total duration of 50 minutes. There were 4 exercises of voluntary range of motion involving the extension and mass flexion of the fingers, adduction and abduction of the fingers, pronation and supination of the forearm and elbow extension with associated shoulder elevation.
    ARM 2: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Group of Functional Activities
    Description: For the mirror therapy protocol applied to functional activities, four functional exercises were performed: fitting of pieces stimulating fine and thick gripping, stacking of cubes / cups and transfer of objects of different shapes and sizes. Each patient was treated with 15 mirror therapy sessions, 3 times a week with a total duration of 50 minutes

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Fugl-Meyer Assessment Scale baseline, 8 weeks and 3 months (follow-up)
Secondary Mini-mental state examination baseline
Secondary Berg Balance Scale baseline
Secondary Intrinsec Motivation Inventory baseline, 7 days and 14 days
Secondary Functional Independence of measure baseline, 8 weeks and 3 months (follow-up)
Secondary Intrinsic Motivation Inventory baseline, 7 days and 14 days

Sponsors