Mirror Box Therapy for Upper Limb Function With Stroke

Active, not recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A



  • Higgins J, Mayo NE, Desrosiers J, Salbach NM, Ahmed S. Upper-limb function and recovery in the acute phase poststroke. J Rehabil Res Dev. 2005 Jan-Feb;42(1):65-76. Pubmed ID:15742251
  • Altschuler EL, Wisdom SB, Stone L, Foster C, Galasko D, Llewellyn DM, Ramachandran VS. Rehabilitation of hemiparesis after stroke with a mirror. Lancet. 1999 Jun 12;353(9169):2035-6. Pubmed ID:10376620
  • Yavuzer G, Selles R, Sezer N, Sütbeyaz S, Bussmann JB, Köseoğlu F, Atay MB, Stam HJ. Mirror therapy improves hand function in subacute stroke: a randomized controlled trial. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2008 Mar;89(3):393-8. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2007.08.162. Pubmed ID:18295613
  • Ramachandran VS, Rogers-Ramachandran D. Synaesthesia in phantom limbs induced with mirrors. Proc Biol Sci. 1996 Apr 22;263(1369):377-86. Pubmed ID:8637922
  • Stevens JA, Stoykov ME. Using motor imagery in the rehabilitation of hemiparesis. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2003 Jul;84(7):1090-2. Pubmed ID:12881842
  • Uswatte G, Taub E, Morris D, Vignolo M, McCulloch K. Reliability and validity of the upper-extremity Motor Activity Log-14 for measuring real-world arm use. Stroke. 2005 Nov;36(11):2493-6. Epub 2005 Oct 13. Pubmed ID:16224078
  • Dohle C, Püllen J, Nakaten A, Küst J, Rietz C, Karbe H. Mirror therapy promotes recovery from severe hemiparesis: a randomized controlled trial. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2009 Mar-Apr;23(3):209-17. Epub 2008 Dec 12. Pubmed ID:19074686
  • Morris DM, Uswatte G, Crago JE, Cook EW 3rd, Taub E. The reliability of the wolf motor function test for assessing upper extremity function after stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2001 Jun;82(6):750-5. Pubmed ID:11387578
  • Oujamaa L, Relave I, Froger J, Mottet D, Pelissier JY. Rehabilitation of arm function after stroke. Literature review. Ann Phys Rehabil Med. 2009 Apr;52(3):269-93. doi: 10.1016/j.rehab.2008.10.003. Epub 2009 Apr 9. Review. English, French. Pubmed ID:19398398
  • Granger CV, Cotter AC, Hamilton BB, Fiedler RC. Functional assessment scales: a study of persons after stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1993 Feb;74(2):133-8. Pubmed ID:8431095
  • Beninato M, Gill-Body KM, Salles S, Stark PC, Black-Schaffer RM, Stein J. Determination of the minimal clinically important difference in the FIM instrument in patients with stroke. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 2006 Jan;87(1):32-9. Pubmed ID:16401435
  • Scarborough P, Peto V, Bhatnagar P, et al (2009) Stroke Statistics. Dept of Public Health, University of Oxford.

Sources for Trial Information