Measurement by 2D Ultrasound of the Pennation Angle and Elasticity of Gastrocnemius Muscle

Completed

Phase N/A Results N/A

Eligibility Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Children
- Cerebral Paralyzed, with an infantile cerebral hemiplegia, spastic type with a level of functional independence of walking I or II of the GMFCS level.
- Having a level of spasticity in gastrocnemius muscles of the lower member plegic higher or equal to X1, V 2, on the scale of Tardieu.
- Boys aged 5 to 12 years and girls aged 5 to 11 years.
Adolescent
- Cerebral Paralyzed, with an infantile cerebral hemiplegia, spastic type with a level of functional independence of walking I or II of the GMFCS level.
- Having a level of spasticity in gastrocnemius muscles of the lower member plegic higher or equal to X1, V 2, on the scale of Tardieu.
- Boys aged 11-18 years and girls aged 10-18 years.
Adult
- Aged 18 to 75, of both sexes. - Having suffered a stroke (stroke) regardless of the date of the stroke. - Presenting hemiplegia cerebral vascular following the stroke.
- walking, with or without technical assistance or device (splint, cane ...)
- Presenting a focused plegic spasticity in the lower limb, the plantar flexors, assessed by Tardieu scale and higher than or equal to X1, V2.

Exclusion Criteria

Children and adolescent
- Having received botulinum toxin injections in the gastrocnemius muscle in the three months preceding the assessment.
- Having received lengthening plasters in the three months preceding the assessment.
- Having benefited from therapeutic to target muscle (baclofen, a muscle relaxant ...) the beginning of the treatment would have started in the months preceding the assessment.
- Having enjoyed orthopedic surgery at the muscular structures, tendons and bone of the leg plegic.
Adult
- Presenting a concomitant muscle disease (eg myopathy, myositis ...).
- Having received injections of botulinum toxin in the gastrocnemius muscle in the three months preceding the assessment.
- Having benefited from therapeutic to target muscle (baclofen, a muscle relaxant ...) the beginning of the treatment would have started in the months preceding the assessment.
- Having enjoyed orthopedic or neurological surgery at the plegic lower limb.