Kinesiotaping Combined With Therapeutic Exercise in Upper Extremity Spasticity and Function in Subacute Stroke Patients

Not yet recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

Poststroke spasticity (PSS) is one of the common complications in stroke patients who had a brain injury leading to limbs weakness and impaired coordination between agonist and antagonist contraction. PSS leads some physical impairments and functional deficits. The clinical managements for PSS are stretching and range of motion (ROM) exercises, antispasticity splint, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, oral medications, local injection with phenol or botulism, or surgery. Recently, some investigators tried to use Kinesiotaping (KT) for spasticity management or postural control. They found some benefits in walking ability and upper extremity function facilitation after stroke.
40 subacute stroke patients with hemiplegia would be enrolled in this study. These 40 patients will be randomly divided into the experimental and control groups. In experimental group (n=20), the patients will perform combined KT and 15- min stretching exercise for upper extremity twice daily and regular rehabilitation program for 3 weeks. In the control group (n=20), the patients will perform 15- min stretching exercise for upper extremity twice daily and regular rehabilitation program for 3 weeks. Before intervention, immediately and 2 week post intervention, all patients will receive associated physical examinations, hand function evaluations, and sonography.

Detailed Description

In this study, 40 subacute stroke patients (duration is 3~6 months after stroke) with hemiplegia would be enrolled. Each stroke patient is diagnosed by a neurologist according to the history, physical examination, and brain imaging evaluation. These 40 patients would be randomly divided into a experimental or a control group. All patients in the control and experimental groups will both receive regular rehabilitation therapy including occupational therapy (OT) 3 times per week and one hour for one session OT intervention. Additionally, 15- min stretching exercise for upper extremity twice daily will be performed for 3 weeks in this study. KT intervention in the experimental group: The technique of KT for spastic wrist and fingers in stroke patient will be performed from the proximal interphalangeal joints of all fingers acted on the extensor carpal and digital muscle groups, with an anchor at the proximal one-third forearm. The KT will be applied for 5 days one week for 3 weeks.
In this study, all patients in the control and experimental groups will receive the following evaluations before intervention, immediately post intervention, and 2-week after intervention: Physical examinations (modified shworth scale and Tardieu scale), Hand function evaluation (Fugl-Meyer Assessment for upper extremity, box and block test, and Minnesota Manual Dexterity Test), and Musculoskeletal sonography (sonoelastography and shear wave velocity). SPSS software will be used to record and analysis the collecting data. Investigators will analyze and compare the findings of physical examinations, upper extremity function assessments, and musculoskeletal sonography within and between the experimental and control groups before and after interventions.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Stretching exercise Other
    Intervention Desc: 15- min stretching exercise for upper extremity twice daily
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: with Kinesiotaping
    Description: stretching exercises combined with Kinesiotaping regular OT rehabilitation program for 3 weeks
    ARM 2: Kind: Experimental
    Label: control group
    Description: the patients will receive 15-min stretching exercises regular OT rehabilitation program for 3 weeks
  • Kinesiotaping Other
    Intervention Desc: The technique of Kinesiotaping for spastic wrists and fingers in stroke patients is performed from the proximal interphalangeal joints of all fingers acted on the extensor carpal and digital muscle groups, with an anchor at the proximal one-third forearm.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: with Kinesiotaping
    Description: stretching exercises combined with Kinesiotaping regular OT rehabilitation program for 3 weeks
  • OT rehabilitation program Other
    Intervention Desc: regular rehabilitation program for 3 weeks
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: with Kinesiotaping
    Description: stretching exercises combined with Kinesiotaping regular OT rehabilitation program for 3 weeks
    ARM 2: Kind: Experimental
    Label: control group
    Description: the patients will receive 15-min stretching exercises regular OT rehabilitation program for 3 weeks

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Fugl-Meyer assessment for upper extremity (FMA-UE) for hand function baseline (before intervention), changes from baseline FMA-UE scores at 3 weeks and 5 weeks.
Secondary Box and Block Test for hand function baseline (before intervention), changes from baseline FMA-UE scores at 3 weeks and 5 weeks.
Secondary Minnesota Manual Dexterity Test (MMDT) for hand function baseline (before intervention), changes from baseline MMDT scores at 3 weeks and 5 weeks.
Secondary the change from baseline on hemiplegic upper extremity sonography baseline (before intervention), changes from baseline sonography results at 3 weeks and 5 weeks.
Secondary Brunnstrom motor recovery stage for motor ability baseline (before intervention), changes from baseline motor recovery stage at 3 weeks and 5 weeks.
Secondary Modified Ashworth scale for level of spasticity of affected arm baseline (before intervention), changes from baseline level of spasticity at 3 weeks and 5 weeks.
Secondary Modified Tardieu scale for level of spasticity of affected arm baseline (before intervention), changes from baseline level of spasticity at 3 weeks and 5 weeks.
Secondary Range of motion baseline (before intervention), changes from baseline range of motions at 3 weeks and 5 weeks.

Sponsors