Stroke is the second leading cause of death worldwide and the third most common cause of disability. The effects of stroke are variable and may include impairments in motor and sensory systems, emotion and neuropsychological deficits such as a disorder of spatial awareness known as unilateral spatial neglect (USN). Approaches to ameliorate USN could be categorized in interventions as involving either bottom-up or top-down processing. The specific mechanisms underlying these effects on a number of manifestations of the USN syndrome may include the restoration of defective representations of the side of space contralateral to the lesion (contralesional), and of the ability to orient spatial attention contralesionally, through complex patterns of activation of both the damaged right hemisphere, and the contralateral left hemisphere, with differences related to the specific stimulation delivered to the patient. In recent years, increasing cutaneous stimuli through neuromuscular kinesiotaping has been proposed to enhance somatosensory inputs (24) and such as method could have positive effects on USN. The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of KTM applied on the sternocleidomastoid muscle controlateral side of the lesions in improving USN deficits in individuals with stroke patient in sub-acute phase. The hypothesis is that the KTM application could improved cognitive tests for assessing USN, motor deficits and kinesthetic neck sensibility.
- Sham Taping Other
Intervention Desc: Patients in the ST group, smaller "I-strips" of KinesioTape will be used and they will be applied, with no tension and without stretching the muscles, perpendicularly to the muscle belly (starting from the middle and progressing to each side) over the same dystonic muscles as in the experimental group. Although the specific therapeutic elements of KinesioTaping (ie, longitudinal stretch, start and ending point tape application) will be removed ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Sham Taping group Description: Patients in the ST group, smaller "I-strips" of KinesioTape were used and they were applied, with no tension and without stretching the muscles, perpendicularly to the muscle belly (starting from the middle and progressing to each side) over the same dystonic muscles as in the Kinesio Taping group
- Kinesio taping group Other
Intervention Desc: The tape in the KT group will be applied with paper-off tension, which means applying the tape directly to the skin as it comes off the paper backing (approximately with 15% to 25% of available tension). KinesioTape will be applied over the SCM dystonic muscle by means of 2 "I-strips": the first strip will be placed on the medial (sternal) head and the second will be applied on the lateral (clavicular) head of the SCM muscle. KinesioTape was applied from the mastoid bone to the clavicle (rostrocaudal direction) with the SCM placed in a position of maximum stretching. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Kinesio Taping group Description: The tape in the KT group was applied with paper-off tension, which means applying the tape directly to the skin as it comes off the paper backing (approximately with 15% to 25% of available tension).
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||The Stars Cancellation Test change in number of stars deleted||Baseline time 0 and up to 4 weeks|
|Secondary||Number of letter delete during the Letter Cancellation Test||Baseline time 0 and up to 4 weeks|
|Secondary||Number of Error assessed during the Cervical Joint Position Error Test||Baseline time 0 and up to 4 weeks|
|Secondary||Degree of Active Range of Motion (AROM) during left rotation||Baseline time 0 and up to 4 weeks|
- Universita di Verona Lead