Inclusion Criteria- Have suffered an infarct or haemorrhage in the anterior cerebral circulation, confirmed by neuroimaging, 8 to 84 days before recruitment
- Have a paralysed or severely paretic upper limb as measured by a score of 61/100 or less on the Motricity Index Arm Section17
Exclusion Criteria- Clinically important pain affecting the upper arm or shoulder when recruited to this study
- Visible upper limb movement deficits attributable to pathology other than stroke
- Unable to follow a 1-stage command using their non-paretic upper limb (ie severe communication or other cognitive deficits precluding ability to participate in MTS).