Improving Quality by Maintaining Accurate Problems in the EHR "IQ-MAPLE"

Not yet recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

The overall goal of the IQ-MAPLE project is to improve the quality of care provided to patients with several heart, lung and blood conditions by facilitating more accurate and complete problem list documentation. In the first aim, the investigators will design and validate a series of problem inference algorithms, using rule-based techniques on structured data in the electronic health record (EHR) and natural language processing on unstructured data. Both of these techniques will yield candidate problems that the patient is likely to have, and the results will be integrated. In Aim 2, the investigators will design clinical decision support interventions in the EHRs of the four study sites to alert physicians when a candidate problem is detected that is missing from the patient's problem list - the clinician will then be able to accept the alert and add the problem, override the alert, or ignore it entirely. In Aim 3, the investigators will conduct a randomized trial and evaluate the effect of the problem list alert on three endpoints: alert acceptance, problem list addition rate and clinical quality.

Detailed Description

The clinical problem list is a cornerstone of the problem-oriented medical record. Problem lists are used in a variety of ways throughout the process of clinical care. In addition to its use by clinicians, the problem list is also critical for decision support and quality measurement.
Patients with gaps in their problem list face significant risks. For example, if a hypothetical patient has diabetes properly documented, his clinician would receive appropriate alerts and reminders to guide care. Additionally, the patient might be included in special care management programs and the quality of care provided to him would be measured and tracked. Without diabetes on his problem list, he might receive none of these benefits.
In this study, the investigators developed an clinical decision support intervention that will identify patients with problem lists gaps. The investigators will alert providers of these likely gaps and offer providers the opportunity to correct them.
In the first aim, the investigators will design and validate a series of problem inference algorithms, using rule-based techniques on structured data in the electronic health record (EHR) and natural language processing on unstructured data. Both of these techniques will yield candidate problems that the patient is likely to have, and the results will be integrated. In Aim 2, the investigators will design clinical decision support interventions in the EHRs of the four study sites to alert physicians when a candidate problem is detected that is missing from the patient's problem list - the clinician will then be able to accept the alert and add the problem, override the alert, or ignore it entirely. In Aim 3, the investigators will conduct a randomized trial and evaluate the effect of the problem list alert on three endpoints: alert acceptance, problem list addition rate and clinical quality.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Problem List Suggestion Other
    Intervention Desc: Sites will configure their EHR systems so that alerts for these conditions will be triggered for providers in the intervention arm if the patient does not have the condition on her/his problem list. each alert will be actionable and allow the provider to add the problem to her or his patient's problem list with a single click. The provider will also be able to override the rule of the patient does not have the condition (in which case the alert will not be displayed again unless new information that would trigger the alert is added to the patient's record), or defer the alert until later.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: Intervention Arm
    Description: Sites will configure their EHR systems so that alerts for these conditions will be triggered for providers in the intervention arm if the patient does not have the condition on her/his problem list. Each alert will be actionable and allow the provider to add the problem to her or his patient's problem list with a single click. The provider will also be able to override the rule of the patient does not have the condition (in which case the alert will not be displayed again unless new information that would trigger the alert is added to the patient's record), or defer the alert until later.

Trial Design

  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Masking: Single Blind (Subject)
  • Intervention: Parallel Assignment

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Measuring the rate of acceptance of alerts calculated by number of acceptances for each alert divided by the total number of unique presentations of the alert Through study completion, or up to 1 year Yes
Primary Determining the effect of problem list completion by comparing the number of study-related problems added to problem lists in the electronic health record Through study completion, or up to 1 year No
Primary Determining the quality of care impact of adding suggested problems to the problem list based on 4 outcome measures from NCQA's HEDIS 2013 measure set Through study completion, or up to 1 year No
Secondary Evaluating process measures using key process measures for each study condition from CMS, NHLBI, and NQMC Through study completion, or up to 1 year No

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