Improving Motor Learning in Stroke Patients

Completed

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

No universally successful therapy exists that promotes recovery of motor function after a stroke, the main cause of long-term disability among adults.
The purpose of this study is to develop strategies to improve recovery of lost motor function. It will combine motor skills training with a brain-stimulating technique called transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS).
Healthy adult volunteers and adult stroke patients will be enrolled in this study. Participants will come to NIH for a clinical and neurological exam, and, if necessary, an MRI [magnetic resonance imaging] examination. Participants will return for 4 sessions; each lasting approximately 3 hours. The first will be a practice session during which participants will become familiar with the motor skills required of them in this study, such as performing finger movements on a keyboard, pinching, tapping, making wrist movements, and lifting small items. In sessions 2 and 3, participants will perform the motor skills they practiced in session 1 while receiving tDCS. During session 4, they will receive tDCS only, with no performance of motor skills.
During tDCS, investigators will place electrodes with a gel on participants' heads and pass the tDCS current between these two electrodes. tDCS is a painless procedure.
Participants will receive up to $420 in compensation for their involvement in this study.

Detailed Description

There is no universally accepted strategy to promote recovery of motor function after chronic stroke, the main cause of long-term disability among adults. It is desirable to develop strategies to accelerate motor learning in this patient group. Previous studies in healthy volunteers demonstrated that cortical stimulation in association with training leads to improvements of motor learning and use-dependent plasticity. The purpose of this protocol is to apply a painless stimulation technique to the motor cortex of the affected hemisphere of patients with subcortical stroke (transcranial DC stimulation, tDCS) to test the hypothesis that tDCS of the motor cortex of the affected hemisphere in association with motor training will improve motor learning of a finger sequence in the paretic hand.
Furthermore, recent studies have demonstrated that the unaffected hemisphere exerts abnormally high inhibitory influence over the affected hemisphere. This abnormality might adversely influence motor recovery. Therefore a further purpose of the study is to apply tDCS to the unaffected hemisphere to test the hypothesis that reduction of the inhibitory influence of the unaffected hemisphere over the affected in association with motor training will improve motor learning.
This technique has been so far applied in several hundred subjects worldwide in the absence of undesirable side effects reported to date.
We plan to study patients with chronic strokes and healthy age- and gender matched normal volunteers. Primary outcome measure will be the number of correct keyboard piano sequences played in a specific time-period (30 seconds). Secondary outcome measures are speed of tapping with only one finger; simple reaction times; pinch force; and a functional measure of activities of daily life (ADL): Jebsen-Tailor-Test. To better understand the mechanisms underlying the proposed behavioral gains, we will use TMS to identify changes in corticomotor excitability.

Conditions

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
No outcomes associated with this trial.

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