The Exploration Center for Prevention and Treatment of Atherosclerosis (CEPTA, Bordeaux Hospital University) showed that following myocardial infarct (MI) or ischemic stroke (TIA or stroke), the global management (medical and educational) of patients led to very long-term satisfactory results in terms of reduction of cardiovascular (CV) risk and morbidity and mortality. However, the specific effect of therapeutic education beyond the conventional treatment has never been an adequate assessment. The following at 1 year of this study will show the evolution of chronic long-term CV disease in patients who received therapeutic education, and to explain the mechanisms. The challenge of this project is to demonstrate for the first time the superiority of therapeutic education and conventional care and propose a modeling program for national diffusion.
Patients who experienced a CV event (MI, stroke) will be randomized into 2 groups of 165 patients each: 1) receiving conventional treatment alone; 2) receiving conventional treatment + CEPTA program. The study was built for a 1-year follow-up period, to demonstrate the impact of therapeutic education on evolution of risk factors, physical, psychological and social health of patients. The main benefit of this study for the patient is the implementation of an optimized treatment and long-term monitoring by a cardiology referral center.
Chronic cardiovascular diseases are the second cause of death in France, and represent a major public health issue. Recurrences are numerous, due to inadequate control of cardiovascular risk factors, despite significant drug prescription. Therapeutic education can help to improve the health of patients, physical and psychical.
The Exploration Center for Prevention and Treatment of Atherosclerosis (CEPTA, Bordeaux Hospital University) demonstrated that following myocardial infarction or stroke, the comprehensive care (medical and educational) of patients CEPTA led to results very satisfactory in terms of reduction of cardiovascular risk and morbidity and mortality. However, the specific effect of therapeutic education beyond the conventional treatment has never been a proper assessment. This study is a single-center prospective, randomized, controlled. The main objective is to find and explain the impact of the "therapeutic education program" in addition to optimized conventional therapy in post-MI or stroke patients, compared to an optimized conventional therapy alone . Patients will be randomized during hospitalization for their acute phase into two groups of 165 patients each. The first group receiving conventional therapy alone and the 2nd group receiving conventional treatment + the therapeutic education program. All patients benefit from traditional monitoring as provided for this type of patients, followed up for 3 months and 1 year.
In the first days after the acute event, patients benefit from the most appropriate treatment and receive guidance for their change in lifestyle, diet and smoking cessation. Optimal treatment will be prescribed to the output depending on cardiovascular status and risk factors.
Three months after cardiovascular events, patients will benefit from their assessment of atherosclerosis and its consequences on myocardial or neurological functions. Each patient will receive an assessment of risk factors (smoking, dietary habits and physical activity). Personalized advice will be issued. One participants group will receive the "conventional treatment + therapeutic education program (CEPTA program)".
The objectives of the therapeutic education associate:
- Of learning objectives and acquisition of knowledge and self-care skills making the patient more autonomous and facilitating its adherence.
- the objectives of acquiring coping skills (self-confidence, stress management, setting projects) to improve their quality of life.
- the development objectives respects the relevant criteria of quality, realism and principle of educational progress.
The challenge of this project is to demonstrate for the first time the superiority of a conventional treatment + therapeutic education in this population, and to propose a model program for national broadcast.
- Optimized conventional therapy alone Other
Intervention Desc: Patients will benefit from a traditional follow-up as provided for this type of patients at 3 months and 1 year ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Control group ARM 2: Kind: Experimental Label: Intervention group
- Optimized conventional therapy with therapeutic education Behavioral
Intervention Desc: The objectives of this therapeutic education program involve: learning objectives and acquisition of knowledge and self-care skills making the patient more autonomous and facilitating its adherence. the objectives of acquiring coping skills ( self-confidence , stress management , setting projects ) to improve their quality of life . the development objectives respects the relevant criteria of quality , realism and principle of educational progress. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Intervention group
- Allocation: Randomized
- Masking: Open Label
- Purpose: Prevention
- Endpoint: Efficacy Study
- Intervention: Parallel Assignment
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Difference measure of the risk factors score between baseline and 1 year of follow-up||Baseline to year 1||No|
|Secondary||Assessment of the improvement of at least one point of the risk score between baseline and 1 year of follow-up||Baseline to year 1||No|
|Secondary||Measure of the Framingham score giving a risk prediction of recurrent cardiovascular event||Day 1, month 3, year 1||No|