Imaging Silent Brain Infarct And Thrombosis in Acute Myocardial Infarction "ISBITAMI"

Recruiting

Phase N/A Results N/A

Trial Description

This project aims to assess the ability of cardiac imaging (cardiac MRI and Doppler-echocardiography) post-processing tools to predict a combined end-point of intraventricular thrombosis, silent brain infarcts, clinical stroke and peripheral arterial embolism in patients with first acute myocardial infarction and ventricular dysfunction.

Detailed Description

An acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a clinical situation that entails an increased risk of both subclinical and clinically devastating cardioembolic events. This increased risk of embolic phenomena may be related to blood stasis caused by alterations in the blood flow inside the left ventricle (LV) after AMI. Using flow velocity measurements obtained by cardiac MRI and Doppler-echocardiography it is possible to quantify the stasis in the LV and assess its relation to the risk of embolic events. The ability of cardiac imaging (cardiac MRI and Doppler-echocardiography) post-processing tools to predict embolic events in a cohort of 92 patients with a first AMI and left ventricular dysfunction shall be addressed. The potential confusion generated by the possible existence of paroxysmal AF will be controlled by implanting cardiac monitoring devices in random order in a subset of patients.

Conditions

Interventions

  • Brain MRI Other
    Intervention Desc: A brain MR will be acquired a week and 6 months after enrollment. Axial, sagittal and coronal spin echo sequence in T1, axial images in diffusion sequences (DWI), enhanced spin echo T2 and FLAIR (fluid-attenuated inversion recovery) sequences shall be obtained. A cerebral infarction will be positive when finding the presence of a focal lesion of> 3 mm in diameter that meets one of these three characteristics: (1) high signal on isotropic DWI images and low signal on the apparent coefficient map Broadcast (ADC). (2) Cavitary lesion hyperintense on T2, with no signal (or low) in the FLAIR sequence. (3) Hyperintense lesion T2 / T1 hypointense with prior distribution defect known or new in a follow-up study.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: StudyGroup
    Description: A cohort of 92 patients with first ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI), sinus rhythm, and LV ejection fraction < 45% in the first 24-72 h after symptoms onset. In the first 24 hours after enrollment a coagulation blood test, a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a Carotid duplex ultrasound exam, a Transcranial Doppler monitoring and a Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitoring system will be 1:1 randomly implanted. A clinical examination (including neuropsiquiatric evaluation), a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a cardiac MRI and a brain MRI will be performed after a week and after 6 months after enrollment.
  • Doppler echocardiogram exam Other
    Intervention Desc: A complete echocardiographic study will be performed in the first 24 hours, and after a week and 6 months after enrollment. The echocardiographic images will be acquired as clinically recommended. The protocol will include the acquisition of 1) 2D images in parasternal axis long and short axis; 2) 2D and Doppler tissue images in the apical planes of 4, 2 and 3 chambers; 3) Pulsed, continuous and color Doppler M (DCMM) of transmitral LV flow and LV ejection; 4) 3-Chamber apical plane with and without color Doppler; and 5) 3D LV images. DCMM images will be obtained from the apical window using 4 and 5 chamber planes. Blood flow velocity will be obtained using Color and Gray mode in the 3 chamber view during 5-10 beats in apnea.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: StudyGroup
    Description: A cohort of 92 patients with first ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI), sinus rhythm, and LV ejection fraction < 45% in the first 24-72 h after symptoms onset. In the first 24 hours after enrollment a coagulation blood test, a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a Carotid duplex ultrasound exam, a Transcranial Doppler monitoring and a Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitoring system will be 1:1 randomly implanted. A clinical examination (including neuropsiquiatric evaluation), a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a cardiac MRI and a brain MRI will be performed after a week and after 6 months after enrollment.
  • Carotid duplex ultrasound exam Other
    Intervention Desc: A B-mode and Doppler ultrasound study will be performed using a linear probe 9L (9 MHz) for the evaluation of the common carotid artery bulb, the carotid bifurcation and the internal carotid during 24 h after enrollment. Intima-media thickness will be measured. Turbulent flow velocities in the area of stenosis will be measured by Doppler. The criteria used to grade the severity of carotid atherosclerotic disease will follow the Consensus Conference of the Society of Radiologist in Ultrasound 2003.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: StudyGroup
    Description: A cohort of 92 patients with first ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI), sinus rhythm, and LV ejection fraction < 45% in the first 24-72 h after symptoms onset. In the first 24 hours after enrollment a coagulation blood test, a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a Carotid duplex ultrasound exam, a Transcranial Doppler monitoring and a Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitoring system will be 1:1 randomly implanted. A clinical examination (including neuropsiquiatric evaluation), a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a cardiac MRI and a brain MRI will be performed after a week and after 6 months after enrollment.
  • Cardiac MRI Other
    Intervention Desc: A cardiac MR will be acquired a week and 6 months after enrollment. The protocol includes the following sequences: cine mode of short axes from LV base to apex, 2-3-4 chambers and STIR +T2 sequence. Perfusion during the administration of a bolus of 0.05 mmol / kg Gadovist®. 3D sequence of late enhancement of inversion-recovery. Images will be acquired after 10 min of the administration of a total of 0.2 mmol / g of Gadovist®. Intraventricular thrombosis will be monitored. Phase contrast sequences in three orthogonal planes will be acquired. Morphological parameters of LV function (LVEF), contractility ("Wall Motion Score "), sphericity index, infarct size, area at risk, edema, microvascular obstruction and first-pass perfusion will be obtained.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: StudyGroup
    Description: A cohort of 92 patients with first ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI), sinus rhythm, and LV ejection fraction < 45% in the first 24-72 h after symptoms onset. In the first 24 hours after enrollment a coagulation blood test, a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a Carotid duplex ultrasound exam, a Transcranial Doppler monitoring and a Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitoring system will be 1:1 randomly implanted. A clinical examination (including neuropsiquiatric evaluation), a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a cardiac MRI and a brain MRI will be performed after a week and after 6 months after enrollment.
  • Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitoring system Procedure
    Intervention Desc: A Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitoring system will be implanted following 1:1 patient unblinded randomization (device:no device). The device will be interrogated at a week after implantation and at 6 months, or if symptoms (palpitations or syncope) have activated the device memory.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: StudyGroup
    Description: A cohort of 92 patients with first ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI), sinus rhythm, and LV ejection fraction < 45% in the first 24-72 h after symptoms onset. In the first 24 hours after enrollment a coagulation blood test, a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a Carotid duplex ultrasound exam, a Transcranial Doppler monitoring and a Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitoring system will be 1:1 randomly implanted. A clinical examination (including neuropsiquiatric evaluation), a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a cardiac MRI and a brain MRI will be performed after a week and after 6 months after enrollment.
  • Coagulation blood test Other
    Intervention Desc: 5 ml of peripheral blood will be obtained for assessment of prothrombotic markers at enrollment, at one week and 6 months after enrollment.
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: StudyGroup
    Description: A cohort of 92 patients with first ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI), sinus rhythm, and LV ejection fraction < 45% in the first 24-72 h after symptoms onset. In the first 24 hours after enrollment a coagulation blood test, a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a Carotid duplex ultrasound exam, a Transcranial Doppler monitoring and a Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitoring system will be 1:1 randomly implanted. A clinical examination (including neuropsiquiatric evaluation), a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a cardiac MRI and a brain MRI will be performed after a week and after 6 months after enrollment.
  • Transcranial Doppler monitoring Other
    Intervention Desc: A Transcranial Doppler monitoring will be performed in the first 24 hours after enrollment in order to detect High Intensity Transient Signals (HITs).
    ARM 1: Kind: Experimental
    Label: StudyGroup
    Description: A cohort of 92 patients with first ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI), sinus rhythm, and LV ejection fraction < 45% in the first 24-72 h after symptoms onset. In the first 24 hours after enrollment a coagulation blood test, a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a Carotid duplex ultrasound exam, a Transcranial Doppler monitoring and a Reveal LINQ insertable cardiac monitoring system will be 1:1 randomly implanted. A clinical examination (including neuropsiquiatric evaluation), a Doppler echocardiogram exam, a cardiac MRI and a brain MRI will be performed after a week and after 6 months after enrollment.

Trial Design

  • Observation: Cohort
  • Perspective: Prospective
  • Sampling: Non-Probability Sample

Trial Population

A cohort of 92 patients with first ST elevation acute myocardial infarction (AMI), LV ejection fraction < 45% in the first 24-72 h after symptoms onset and sinus rhythm will be enrolled

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Combined binary variable consisting of one of the following: ventricular thrombosis assessed by cardiac MRI, silent brain infarct detected by brain MRI, peripheral acute arterial embolism or ischemic stroke within the 6 months after a first STEMI 6 months No
Secondary Left ventricle mural thrombosis assessed by cardiac MRI performed one week and 6 months after STEMI 6 months No
Secondary Silent brain infarcts (SBI) within the 6 months following a first STEMI 6 months No
Secondary Peripheral acute arterial embolism (limb or visceral) within the 6 months following a first STEMI 6 months No
Secondary Ischemic stroke within the 6 months after STEMI 6 months No
Secondary High Intensity Transient Signals (HITs) detected by transcranial Doppler monitoring of both middle cerebral arteries during 30 minutes within the 24-72 hours after STEMI 24-72 hours No
Secondary Neuropsychiatric and cognitive impact of SBIs within the 6 months after STEMI assessed by Beck and Minimental questionnaire 6 months No

Sponsors