Inclusion Criteria- clinical diagnosis of stroke (hemorrhagic or ischemic),
- ability to walk at least 100 m independently with or without an assistive device with no severe limitations due to pain,
- living in the community at least 10 weeks post stroke (no upper limit) with a stroke-related motor impairment score of <7 on the Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment scale of the leg or foot or with hemiparetic gait pattern,
- no severe communicative aphasia or comprehensive aphasia as noted in in clinical reports or referral form
- no orthopedic issues that may be aggravated by HIT
- ability to provide informed consent
Exclusion Criteria- severe uncontrolled hypertension or orthostatic blood pressure decrease of >20 mmHg
- other cardiovascular morbidities which would limit exercise tolerance (e.g. horizontal or downsloping ST-segment depression >2 mm, symptomatic aortic stenosis, complex arrhythmias),
- unstable angina,
- severe proliferative retinopathy or uncontrolled blood glucose,
- hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
- lower extremity claudication
- cognitive and/or behavioral issues limiting participation in exercise testing and training, prior unrelated neurological disorders or psychiatric illness
- abdominal or inguinal hernia causing discomfort with routine activities.
Other issues will be considered case-by-case.