The purpose of this study is to compare the effects of an exercise training strategy called high-intensity interval training (HIIT) to moderate intensity continuous exercise (MICE), on walking function and cardiovascular fitness in stroke patients. Hypothesis: HIIT will result in significantly greater benefit to fitness and mobility than MICE.
Using a randomized design, the study will evaluate the effects of 3 HIT sessions combined with 2 MICE sessions per week on cardiovascular fitness and mobility compared to MICE training 5 days/week. Participants post-stroke will be randomly assigned to either MICE (5 days per week (d∙wk-1)) or combined HIIT (3 d∙wk-1) with MICE (2 d∙wk-1). Both groups will be exercising 5 times per week (walking on a treadmill with harness for fall protection); 3 times at the centre and 2 times at home. Outcome measures will be conducted before and after 24 weeks of training.
- High intensity interval training Behavioral
Other Names: HIIT Intervention Desc: Supervised HIIT sessions will be conducted on a treadmill at Toronto Rehab's Cardiac Rehabilitation and Secondary Prevention Program. During each of the three supervised HIIT sessions each week, subjects will be prescribed 2 protocols with a combination of short to moderate duration exercise of near maximal intensity alternating longer periods of active recovery. The total duration for each HIT session will be approximately 20 minutes with an additional 5 minutes warm-up and cool down period. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: High Intensity Training Description: High Intensity Interval Training patients will attend the centre 3 times/week for 24 weeks. All subjects will participate in MICE aerobic training 5 days/week in the first four weeks of the study to provide a foundation of fitness and endurance for the safe prescription of HIIT. Subsequently, the HIIT group will replace 3 MICE training days with 3 HIIT. HIIT sessions will include two 20 minute protocols; 30:60 second work:active rest ratio, and 120:180 second work:active rest ratio on a treadmill with a harness for fall protection. In addition to supervised exercise training (3 times/week), MICE will be conducted 2 times/week in the home/community, which has been shown to be both safe and effective
- Moderate Intensity Continuous Exercise Behavioral
Other Names: MICE; Standard Intervention Desc: MICE sessions represent the standard of care exercise prescription at TRI. Participants will be instructed to complete 20-60 minutes of continuous aerobic exercise at or around the ventilatory anaerobic threshold achieved on the cardiopulmonary exercise test. ARM 1: Kind: Experimental Label: Moderate Intensity Exercise Description: Moderate Intensity Continuous Exercise patients will attend the centre 3 times/week for 24 weeks. Participants will be progressed to 30 to 60 minutes of continuous exercise at the heart rate that occurred at the anaerobic threshold on the exercise test. Participants will exercise on a treadmill with a harness ofr fall protection. In addition to supervised exercise training (3 times/week), MICE will be conducted 2 times/week in the home/community by both cohorts.
|Type||Measure||Time Frame||Safety Issue|
|Primary||Change in Cardiovascular fitness - Peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak)||0, 24 weeks|
|Primary||Change in Six Minute Walk Test||0, 24 weeks|
|Secondary||Neuropsychological Test Battery (change over time)||0, 24 weeks|
|Secondary||VO2 during HIT and MICE||9 weeks and 24 weeks|
|Secondary||Change in Dual task gait velocity||0, 24 weeks|
|Secondary||Adherence||0 to 24 weeks|
|Secondary||Adverse Events||0 to 24 weeks|
|Secondary||Patient satisfaction||24 weeks|