Heart Disease on the Mend

Completed

Phase 2 Results N/A

Trial Description

The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactor cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reduction program using team case management in high risk patients who have low family incomes and limited access to medical care. Patients were randomized to case management (99) or usual care (49) with baseline, 6-month and 12-month evaluations of CVD risk factors, clinical status and quality of life.

Detailed Description

The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a multifactor cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk reduction program using team case management in high risk patients who have low family incomes and limited access to medical care. Patients were randomized to case management (99) or usual care (49) with baseline, 6-month and 12-month evaluations of CVD risk factors, clinical status and quality of life. Subjects were primarily recruited from patients being seen in free medical clinics in Santa Clara County California. Primary eligibility was ≥ 35 years of age, one or more CVD risk factors (with or without clinical CVD), low family income, and residing in Santa Clara County. Patients in the case management group were provided counseling services by specially trained registered nurses (RNs) and registered dieticians (RDs) and assisted in obtaining medications and medical services from programs provided in the county or indigent drug programs provided by selected pharmaceutical companies. Protocol driven treatment algorithms based on national practice guidelines were used and use of existing programs and resources were maximized. On average patients in case management were seen by staff 6-9 in the 12 months.

Conditions

Interventions

Trial Design

  • Allocation: Randomized
  • Masking: Open Label
  • Purpose: Prevention
  • Endpoint: Efficacy Study
  • Intervention: Parallel Assignment

Outcomes

Type Measure Time Frame Safety Issue
Primary Cardiovascular disease risk score
Primary Low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol
Primary Systolic blood pressure
Secondary Body mass index (BMI)
Secondary Physical activity score
Secondary Nutrition score

Sponsors